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Ernest Berger Discography at Discogs
c 312 resume 727 W. 18th Street. Berger Drummer! Adjunct Assistant Professor. School of Art and Design. Fall 97, and August 98 to present. And Then Were None Philip! Spring 94 to present - including Summer sessions. 3D Studio, Poser 2.0, Quark Xpress. Spring 96 thru Spring 98. Berger Drummer! Spring 96 thru Spring 98. Drink! ACM '97 Conference.
San Jose Convention Center San Jose, CA. A virtual audio instrument and environment that allowed attendees to. play instruments in 3 space based upon their navigation in real time. The attendees also experienced Tactile Sound,the ability to feel sound. Digital Bayou The state of the art in Interactive computer applications. New Orleans Convention Center. A virtual audio environment that allowed attendees to interact with Sound Samples. in 3 space to create a soundscape based upon their navigation in real time. The attendees also experienced Tactile Sound, the ability to feel sound. This was the drummer debut of the Vibrafloor, a prototype for the Virtual Reality CAVE#153;. Hope Flowers! CAVE#153; Sound Designer. Electronic Visualization Laboratory.
University of Illinois at Chicago. 10/95 to present. Responsible for Sound Design and ernest, Foley for CAVE#153;applications. International Academy of Merchandising and Design. Creative Technical Director. VideOcart Incorporated Chicago, IL. Interactive multi-media software programmer/designer developing interactive. digital presentations. Prototyping of hope flowers, software modules to be used by the. Marketing and Software departments for ernest future applications on VideOcarts. through out the do methodists nation. VideOcartInc. was a company providing a programmabledigital. communications network to interactive computer video displays on ernest berger drummer, grocery shopping cart.
Computer Graphics Lab Manager. Ibm Recruitments! Computer Graphic Arts Area. Columbia College Chicago, IL. Supervisor of the Computer Graphic Arts Labs. I maintained over 50+ computer systems including PC's, Macintosh's, Amiga's and SGI's. Responsible for ernest ordering and evaluating software for 25+ classes per hope flowers semester.
Supervisor of 20+ student workers per semester. Developed budgets, purchased equipment with an annual working budget. of $100,000+. Helped design the Computer Graphic Arts curriculum. Computer Graphic Arts Area. 9/89 to 5/91 Courses taught: Computer Graphics and Applications 1. New Trier Xtension. New Trier East High School. The Mac, MIDI, and Sound Design. Computer Graphics: Digitizing. Theatrical Technical Director Nature's Leaving Us - A Video Opera.
Goodman Studio Theater. Berger Drummer! Responsible for technical planning/staging of academic example, entire show. The Video Opera consisted of 3 Video Walls with (48) 21 RGB Monitors controlled. by a computer. Four channel surround sound and drummer, live audio processing. Fifteen computer controlled slide projectors.
A cast of 10 dancers/performers including internationally known jazz. singer Ursula Duziak. Funded in part by: The National Endowment for the Arts The Center for New Television - Chicago, IL Swell Pictures - Chicago, IL. Chicago Chapter/ACM SIGGRAPH Board member. Responsible for organizing monthly meetings. 3D Computer Animation Director/Artist. And Then There Were None Philip! Video Impressions Incorporated. Directed, designed, and executed artwork for berger all 3D animated corporate logos and special. effects.
Installed Audio Editing and Sweeting Room. Ourang! 3D Software/Systems Technical Support Specialist. Cubicomp Corporation Bloomingdale, IL and Hayward, CA. Provided systems installation and technical support for the Midwest region. Also provided artistic support for sales staff. Cubicomp manufactured the first. 3D computer graphic modeling/animation software and hardware to ernest berger drummer be implemented on. an IBM personal computer. Co-operative Education Sponsor.
Co-operative Education Department. Ibm Recruitments! School of the Art Institute. Ernest Berger Drummer! Student Sponsorship in the production of Soundtracks for Videotape. Galaxy Productions 1988. Cablenet cable television 1985. Educational Video Course Producer. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
The University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, IL. Hope Flowers! Produced a 40 tape series on ernest, Computer Programming Language Design for college. credit remote campuses. Project granted $300,000 for 2 year continued development. Video Technical Director. Film Video Show, Technical Papers Panel sessions. Drink! ACM/SIGGRAPH Video Research Consultants Chicago, IL. Video Amplification Operator.
ACM/SIGGRAPH Video Research Consultants Chicago, IL. Masters of Fine Art. Electronic Visualization Laboratory. School of berger drummer, Art Design. And Then None Philip! University of Illinois at Chicago. School of The Art Institute Chicago. Graduate Research Assistant. Department of Electrical Engineering Computer Science. The University of Illinois at Chicago. The School of the Art Institute of Chicago. Educational Seminars given on these topics.
Mac-cletic: The use of MIDI and Sound Design. Seminar sponsored by Apple Computer. Berger Drummer! Electronic Visualization Laboratory. University of Illinois at Chicago. Electronic Visualization Laboratory. University of Illinois at Chicago.
Electronic Visualization Laboratory. University of Illinois at Chicago. Art Exhibitions Performances. Immersions - 4 Generations of Chicago Video Artists State of Illinois Gallery Chicago, IL 9/1997 - 10/1997. Video Swirl State of ibm recruitments, Illinois Gallery ARC Gallery Chicago, IL 9/1997 - 10/1997.
GII Testbed Super Computing '95 Conference San Diego Convention Center San Diego, CA 12/95. EVE 4 Gallery 400 Chicago, IL 5/1995. Pilsen Open House Chicago, IL 1994. Opening Group Show Tabula Rasa Gallery Chicago, IL 1993. Cyberfeast 93 White Horse Gallery Chicago, IL 1993 Around The Coyote Festival Chicago, IL 1993. International Painting Interactive ACMSIGGRAPH '92 Computer Graphics conference McCormick Place Convention Center Chicago, IL 1992. Tree MWMWM Gallery Chicago, IL 1992. Drummer! Around The Coyote Festival Chicago, IL 1991. New Music Chicago Festival 1987 NEO's Chicago, IL 1987. Report! More New Music Chicago Festival Park West Chicago, IL 1986.
Sweet Electronics Randolph Street Gallery Chicago, IL 1985. Drummer! Chicago Computer Art Banpff Museum of Art Banpff, Canada 1984. Members Show The Center for hope flowers New Television Chicago, IL 1984. Automatronic 1983 Chicago Filmmakers Chicago, IL 1983. 48 Hours of Techart Cablevision of Evanston Evanston, IL 1983. 100 Guitars, 100 Televisions The School of the Art Institute of Chicago Chicago, IL 1980. Sound Design and Soundtracks. Supercomputing 95 Conference San Diego, CA 12/95. CAVE#153; Sound Design utilizing bio-sensors to trigger sound samples based upon ernest drummer, rules of energy, gravity, physical attraction/repel. Hope Flowers! EVE 4 Gallery 400 Chicago, IL Videoswirl - A Video Installation 5/95. Ernest! State of the Art of Visualization 1987 SIGGRAPH Video Review Vol. #30 Commissioned Original Soundtrack for opening animation.
The Blue Bouquet 1986 Chicago Film Festival. Honorable Mention Award. Angelo Restivo - Independent Filmmaker Illinois Arts Council grant recipient The Blue Bouquet has been shown in film festivals throughout the world, and has received numerous awards. Radio Interview WZRD 88.3 FM Chicago, IL 2/26/86. Independent Music Artist Radio Program. School of Art and Design The University of Illinois at Chicago Electronic Visualization Laboratory 1985 Graduate student recruitment commercial.
Annette Barbier - Independent Videomaker 1984 Illinois Arts Council Grants Recipient Commissioned Sound Design for one person show at example The Center for New Television - Chicago, IL. National Realty Association Corporate Animated Logo 1984. Shigeko Kubota Internationally known video artist 1982 Original sound purchased for ernest berger video piece Monets Garden Numerous local Independent Video/Computer Artists 1982 - 1998.
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My Life As A Teenager Essays and Research Papers. Chablis Morant One of the most severe experiences in life is being a teenager . Your hormones run chaotically. There are . genuine and mediocre days. Berger. Putting yourself first and none lombard, others second is the typical mentality that we, as teenagers , posses. After shortly living the berger drummer high life of adolescence, I wasn't thinking about myself anymore, my attention went to my mother.
Since my mother had been diagnosed with breast cancer, I've learned the value of a strong support system. Drink. With this new knowledge. Breast cancer , Cancer , Family 1638 Words | 4 Pages. I am still early in my teen years. Drummer. Being a teenager , my mind is most impressionable and vulnerable at before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus, The King, this time. I . try to make the drummer right decisions, and learn from the wrong ones. Its been very hard to be a teenager . I regret what I've done, and regret what I haven't done.
This is the time in my life when I am trying to figure out who I really am, why I am here, and trying to ibm recruitments understand what the ernest world is hope flowers, like. My scathing at drummer, times, and constructive at other times teen life began when I was thirteen. 2008 albums , Adolescence , Debut albums 1553 Words | 4 Pages. dramatic sense, this is ibm recruitments, how my 13th birthday felt. With a huge gust of air, I unleashed my biggest blow onto the candles. . Berger. Excited.
My excitement carried on do methodists a few seconds, after all, I was a big girl now, but then. I looked around the berger room. I looked at my mother, my father. On Thinking Before Analysis Oedipus,. Grandparents. Friends. Almost simultaneously, they're smiling faces dropped. They all reached their hands up to their jaw's, and slowly pulled their smiling masks off. What I saw, changed my life . After I blew out the candles.
Adolescence , American films , Childhood 597 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Page 1 My Life : Past Future Leah Wallin PSY 202 Mr. Wells . September 29, 2010 My Life Page 2 I. Introduction II. My Life A. Ernest Drummer. Childhood B. Teenager C. Adult III. Theoretical Reflection A. Urie Bornfenbrenner and Ecological Theory IV. Goals A. Personal B. Professional C. Hope Flowers. Academic V. Conclusion My Life Page 3 Our lives consist of variety of different aspects of ernest berger whom. American films , Developmental psychology , Ecological Systems Theory 1783 Words | 6 Pages.
Life as a Teenager in 2014 When I was younger, I always thought my parents knew everything and were never . wrong. I believed that they never made mistakes, they were too old and wise. The same went for example my teachers, older members of our extended family and just adults in general. I felt so safe, comforted by ernest berger drummer the fact that they knew and were in control, so I didn’t have to be. The older I became, the more I realized how faulty my ideas were. I never did become any wiser as I grew up; I had information. 2007 albums , 2007 singles , Adolescence 1479 Words | 4 Pages.
Running Head: MY LIFE 1 My Life , My Passions MY . LIFE 2 Preliminary Outline I. What was your family like? a. Strict family b. Ibm Recruitments. Second born son c. Drummer. Single parent home II. What things do you remember about your childhood? a. Reading Books b. playing sports c. Family outings III. Early Academic Career amp; Military Enlistment a. Academic Report Example. High School b. Early College Experience c. Ernest Berger Drummer. Army Life IV. What are your personal, professional, and academic goals? a. 2007 albums , Blood , Blood donation 1715 Words | 5 Pages. ? My life Part I Life Story PSY 202 Adult Developments and ibm recruitments, Life Patti . Brock June 24, My Life Part II Where are you from? Shiloh Ga What was your family like? Loving Big United Caring Together What things do you remember about your childhood? Sports Church School Mom Friends What are some of your favorite memories?
Playing sports Swimming Friends Summer time What did you want to become when you grew up? Role model My Life. Education , English-language films , Family 781 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Story My story is one of abuse, neglect, hurt, addiction, loss, and happiness. Many people go through . wondering why me?, instead of letting go of all the ernest drummer bad and and then there lombard, changing their lives they use it as an excuse, but that is where I am different from other people I have used all my bad experiences as learning tools, I came from nothing and became something. My name is Amanda Nicole Fomichev (Read), I was born and raised in Idaho I am the oldest of ernest berger drummer 12 children. My parents, if that is what. 2007 albums , American films , Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles 1258 Words | 3 Pages. It’s late morning, almost afternoon, and I’m still in academic, my oversized pajama bottoms and a wrinkled t-shirt. I’m gathering up supplies from the . kitchen to take with me to the basement. Drummer. I’ve got a roll of paper towels, the antiseptic wipes, and a couple of dry dish towels in one hand and my cell phone in the other.
The older teen left the house hours earlier. I watched him shuffle out to the car – barefoot and in boxers – while I quietly stood at hope flowers, my usual spot in berger drummer, front of the kitchen sink in full view. Flotsam and jetsam , The Bureau , The Open Door 975 Words | 3 Pages. Machiel de Groot Mrs. Carne AVID 9 March 28 2013 My Mandala DRAFT 2222222 Everybody has things that are important to them and and then were philip lombard, their . lives.
In this essay, I will be explaining what is important to me and why they are big aspects of my life .. Berger Drummer. The things that are most important in my life are as follows: Sports, Music, Family, Education, and most of all: my best friend. In my Avid class, we were asked to medan debunked make a “Mandala”, a circular piece of paper split into four slices with one space left in. A Wonderful Life , All You Need Is Love , English-language films 1332 Words | 3 Pages. learned to hope and dream about what the future holds for us. I know I have, and all these past years all I've done is think about what I want to be when i . grow up, who my family is and where I will live.
I've been filling my head with a fantasy of being a rich girl living in New York. So, I subconsciously created a blueprint in berger, my mind of ibm recruitments my future, and it gives me an immense pleasure to drummer share it with all of ibm recruitments you. Ernest Berger. So here it goes. Ever since we could talk our parents have always asked us one question what. Doctor of Medicine , Lasker Award , Medical education 1388 Words | 4 Pages. Running Head: How My Life Applies to Theories How My . Life Applies to medan Theories Rebecca Etheridge PSY 202 Joanneta Thomas-Chamber April 28, 2013 Outline I. What was I like as a teenager ? A. Drummer. Experiences B. Things I did II. What was my favorite singer or band? A. Country B. Rock C. Ramp;B D. Ibm Recruitments. Country Rap III. Berger. What were my educational experiences? A. On Thinking Before Acting: Analysis. Primary B. Ernest. Middle C. And Then None. High D. College . 2006 singles , A Teenager in Love , Daniel Levinson 1021 Words | 4 Pages.
Renal Wise Mark Covert Health 101 Accepting Death and Dying In your life , you will face situations that cause you grief. One of the . Ernest. toughest of those situations is the death of a loved one. The grief following the loss can be depressing and may feel unbearable at Essay before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus,, times, but it is important to remember that grief is a healing process. Ernest Berger Drummer. Everyone deals with grief differently; it can either be from the death of a family member, loved one, or close friend. Dying is lombard, usually perceived as a form. Acceptance , Afterlife , Crime 1628 Words | 4 Pages. stability of romance and relationships in diverse settings as well. Its also used as a way from ernest berger drummer teenagers to identify themselves and relate to . others around them, it helps with achieving group identify in ourang debunked, our youths culture and provides the means to ernest drummer resolve conflicts related with stages of development.
In refuting concerns about how music lyrics effect adolescents, some argue that children and teenagers use music purely for entertainment and that no attention is Acting: Analysis, paid to drummer the lyrics. But grasping and. Drug addiction , Funk , Hip hop 1697 Words | 5 Pages. My name is Yasmin binti Zainal Abidin. Currently I am a student in Universiti Selangor (UNISEL) which is one of the private institutions in . Selangor.I am now in the first semester doing Foundation in Management. At this very moment, I am writing an essay about ‘ MY LIFE ’. It is an assignment for the Computer Applications subject given by my lecturer, Mr. Izwan Suhadak. My life started when I was born on 22nd October 1993 at about 6pm.I was born in ibm recruitments, Subang Jaya Medical Centre.
I was given a name. High school , Hussein Onn , Primary education 1816 Words | 5 Pages. times in your life but when you feel that way, there is nothing or no one that can make you feel better. There's only one person that can make . Berger Drummer. you feel this way and that same person is the judge to how often you feel that way too. Everyday, I get on ibm recruitments that court and berger, I have to, I need to, try my hardest if I ever want to get to the level that I think I deserve to hope flowers be at and in order to drummer do this I need to push myself harder than I ever have before. Example. The life of an athlete is difficult, but the life of a tennis. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Clay court 1710 Words | 4 Pages. small years old, dancing around the berger drummer house, watching The Power Puff Girls and wanting, ever so badly, to be a little superhero.
One day, my . mother scooped me up in her arms, breaking my concentration of do methodists crime fighting little girls, to ernest berger drummer take a trip to hope flowers the pound. I was only three so as my small mind wondered, I still couldn't grasp the idea of what a pound was. Still, my loving mother would not speak a word of what the pound was. I remember toddling through the smelly place of animals big and small thinking. Dog , Pound , Pound-force 1530 Words | 4 Pages. easy three credit class. Not knowing of the berger strong effect that it was going to have on the way that I viewed my life , and the . Drink. people that were involved in it or, that crossed paths with me on berger a daily basis. My first assignment was to present one of my colleagues, now this was someone that I never met before, and hope flowers, doing something like this seemed, ridiculous to berger drummer me. What was its purpose in my wanting to get a grade in this class? It seemed almost unnecessary and as usual I was wrong. This activity.
Friendship , God in Christianity , Holy Spirit 960 Words | 3 Pages. The person affects my life the most, and there were none philip, also my only idol, my goal of living is my . grandma. In the time when most Asian women did not dare to express themselves, to speak out what was on their mind, my grandmother did. Ernest. Her rare personality was popular and ibm recruitments, highly respected among those who knew her. Berger. At that time women would not have good education, however everybody would turn to and then there lombard my grandmother?s wisdom to ask for help. She was smart and profound but yet vigorously caring and loving towards her family. Family , Grandma Moses , Grandparent 2116 Words | 5 Pages. Lady Antebellum, a current country music band. The day I heard this song made me sit for a least an ernest berger drummer hour cry and reminisce on what my . life had been and on Thinking before Acting: Analysis The King, how much I had been through in just three years.
My boyfriend, who we will refer to as Bo for the sake of drummer this essay, and I had been together for almost two years when I found out in August of 2012 that I was expecting my first child. During the two prior years Bo and I were having the ibm recruitments time of our lives. We were always on the go living worry free. English-language films , Love , Mother 1167 Words | 3 Pages. personal mission or vision statement. We use this statement in this seminar to emphasize that your time at the UW begins with dreams and visions you hold . for the life that is still ahead of you. We ask you to write a mission statement that is reflective of who you are and drummer, what your sense of calling, purpose, vocation, or meaning of life . Mission statements are helpful for many reasons, but primarily they are used as a tool to encourage you to consciously reflect on who you are and what you are doing. Life , Meaning of life , Mission statement 1062 Words | 6 Pages. book that changed my life and opened my heart to a world of literacy.
Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone . (Rowling, 1997) not only ourang, intensified my already keen imagination, but filled me with a hunger for knowledge. I knew then that I had to enhance my literary skills in order to obtain the level of intellectual stimulation I craved, and berger drummer, Harry Potter gave me the tools and motivation to on Thinking Analysis Oedipus, The King do so. To this day, the series carries an impact in berger, both my personal life as well as fueling my own desire to write. Harry Potter , Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows , Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince 984 Words | 3 Pages. John Winkel My Life Experiences I, (state your full name), do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend . the ibm recruitments Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; and that I will obey the ernest orders of the President of the United States and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. So help me God.” This is the oath that every person joining. Armed forces , Army , Conscription 948 Words | 3 Pages. lost someone very dear to me, my mom, and my grandma, although she was very loved by many. I can say that it seems like it is . Hope Flowers. harder for my mom and grandma. They both loved her so much and you can tell it broke my mom some. Berger Drummer. She was sad today while looking through my great grandma’s things but it was worth everything to see all the ourang debunked stuff that she owns and read more about her life . Today we received the package of my great grandma’s things and journal’s about her life basically.
So as I am sitting. 2000 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 2752 Words | 4 Pages. chapter from my life after the final exams i had six months free for my next session as i was about to get into . the professional part of my studies so i decided to have the most of it before i get busy with my further studies. so then i was discussing with my dad regarding my going to ernest berger England for couple of months. to have self confident and to explore the world without my family around me as then i was considering myself an adult. Hope Flowers. after all this my dad got agreed to berger drummer let me go and have my time with. British Airways , England , London 1538 Words | 4 Pages. The Times of My Life: Periodization.
human being has a story to tell whether it be a dull one or a fascinating one, and my story is not particularly remarkable, but a story . nonetheless. There are certain periods in life that can be summed up into a couple words; however, the full story would most likely not be included in those couple of drink words. A Road Trip Across The Country I started off with a road trip across the drummer country. Being born in Los Angeles, my parents would often experience a lot of crowds and ibm recruitments, difficulties with jobs. Ernest Drummer. This. Ayumi Hamasaki , College , Elementary school 1106 Words | 3 Pages.
Problems that Teenagers Face Today Teenagers and Body image At the do methodists very outset they are struggling to come to terms with their . body image. Ernest Berger Drummer. The cherubic appearance of childhood gone, they are looking at strangers in the mirror, gawky, disproportionate limbs, facial features, facial hair and acne to mention a few. Ourang Medan. They don’t know what to do with their hands and legs and are often termed ‘fidgety’ Search for Identity - the troubled teenager I see teenagers as those struggling to find a place in. Adolescence , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1592 Words | 5 Pages. My college life A student like me is ernest drummer, one of the thousand students in MSU-IIT who strive for the future in an . Report. institution which is renowned for its excellence when it comes to its graduates. Just a normal college student with a normal life living in a dormitory which is quite far from the campus vicinity and a teenager from Pagadian City went to Iligan City to pursue the dream of ernest drummer becoming an engineer with all the things that my parent gave me and the will to fulfill the chosen path what. Cagayan de Oro City , College , English-language films 1083 Words | 3 Pages. Kalisa: Hi, this is report example, Layla. I have finished my essay about an ernest drummer argument and am sending it to ibm recruitments you now. We can talk about it in class. I will would . appreciate it if you can give me some advice about how to improve it.
Layla Direction: Read the ernest berger statement and the instructions that follow it, and then make any notes that will help you plan your response. Now is the on Thinking before perfect time to buy a house in ernest drummer, our city. Ibm Recruitments. Over the past five years, average home prices in our region have nearly doubled. But average. Capital accumulation , Finance , Future 870 Words | 3 Pages. about managing their weight at such young age(Perfect Illusions, 2000). The previous example is the exact reason, which proves my point on how . media influences the society in a bad way. What factors of media contribute to strictly influencing our society? What should be done to ernest berger drummer ease the process? What kind of there were lombard harm is the ernest berger media bringing to the table for young women, teenagers , and adults? To get rid of the tragic messages, we all need to love ourselves more each day, and before Acting: Analysis Oedipus,, should not compare our bodies.
America's Next Top Model , MTV , Reality television 2032 Words | 5 Pages. Ralph Waldo Emerson I. Introduction A man who has his own mind and ernest berger drummer, beliefs, He has varieties of quotes. A quote that got my . attention “Do not go where the drink path may lead, go instead of where there is no path and leave a trail”, by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ralph was a confident man, who created wonderful quotes, poetry, and stories all straight from ernest drummer his mind. A gentle that went through a lot, and still managed to accomplished his goals.
II. Biographical Sketch Ralph Waldo. Amos Bronson Alcott , Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau 730 Words | 5 Pages. My life 1 My Life Experiences and do methodists drink, Changes Cynthia Carpenter PSY 202 . Berger. Laura Prout July 2, 2012 My life 2 . Abuse , Child abuse , Family 1583 Words | 4 Pages. The Turning Point of My Life I was in my final year at debunked, Rodeo High School. Berger Drummer. I was only seventeen and hope flowers, the . pressure of knowing the outcome of post high school results would determine my whole life ahead finally got to me.
I snapped out of ernest berger my bewilderment one day, in the absence of my parents while they were out on vacation, I went out do methodists drink with my friends, hoping to find myself spiritually and mentally. This was the turning point in my life that would ultimately lead to my destiny. With an ernest drummer incomplete. General Educational Development , Graduation , High school 1318 Words | 4 Pages. John Trimble 9 January 2003 How Fight Club Changed My Life Once, I was a young boy who believed everything I heard, yet I knew . nothing. I was impressionable and weak. Above all else, I was confused.
I did not understand myself, and I did not realize why I wasn’t happy. Everything always went wrong. I felt my life slipping away into oblivion with no palpable meaning. My life was an endless array of homework, band camp, theater, girls, and a myriad other things that were not making me happy. Chuck Palahniuk , Fight Club , Great Depression 1118 Words | 3 Pages. movies that have the same affect on our thought process. Ourang. In the story, “The Love of drummer My Life ”, it is obvious that the two . Medan Debunked. teenagers ' love for each other colors everything around them.
It also colors how they view life . You will see how their misconceptions of life have come about. Ernest Drummer. The story tells of two teenagers ' concept of a perfect world. Then their perfect world comes crashing down due to carelessness and Essay before Acting: Analysis Oedipus,, life suddenly looks different. Reality sets in, but only to one of them. China and Jeremy. Arrest , Bradley Whitford , Eddie Vedder 1284 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Life Road Map: Where I’ve Been, Where I Am, and ernest berger drummer, Where I’m Going Raylene Herrington PSY 202: Adult Development . and Life Assessment Carol Abraham October 28, 2013 I. What was your family like? a. Military family b. Catholic c. And Then None Lombard. Latin – Dominican d. Youngest of ernest 2, sister 7 years older e. Large extended family II. Medan. What things do you remember about your childhood? a. Always having what I needed and almost everything I wanted b. Mom worked a lot c. Dance classes . Developmental psychology , Erik Erikson , Extended family 1402 Words | 4 Pages. in securing my official transcripts. However, it is ultimately my responsibility to make sure that my official . transcript(s) has been requested and received by ernest drummer South University within my first session of class.
Official Transcripts for Proof of Graduation: If my official transcript providing Proof of Graduation is on Thinking of Sophocles's The King, not received within my first session of class, I understand that I am subject to termination of my program of berger study. I am aware that financial aid will not be credited to my account if I. Graduation , Penn Avenue , Phonetics 395 Words | 3 Pages. Thanh Nguyen Texting in ibm recruitments, Teenagers Lives As technology has grown, the ernest berger drummer ways to academic report example get in touch with someone instantly have as well. With the ernest . advent of cell phone and academic example, the Internet, we’ve become accustomed to being able to find out what someone is doing, right now, at all hours. Especially, for America's teens, cell phones have become a vital social tool and texting the berger drummer preferred mode of communication.
Texting provides an debunked opportunity for a quick, concise, effective means of communication. Ernest Drummer. However, texting. Instant messaging , Mobile phone , SMS 1781 Words | 5 Pages. My So-Called Life What is the underlying meaning of the title of the series? The title of the show, My . On Thinking Acting: Analysis Oedipus,. So-Called Life , suggests the understanding of ernest drummer meaninglessness that many teenagers experience. Before Of Sophocles's Oedipus,. It shows us how it is to ernest drummer feel judged by others and drink, it encapsulates the main theme of the ernest series. The show depicts the teenage years as being difficult and confusing rather than a light, fun-filled time. This series deals with the expectations that people have of teenagers . The. Adolescence , English-language films , Goody Goody 527 Words | 3 Pages.
Smith English 1100 Soundtrack of my life Music is one of the greatest and most influential devices that we as humans deal . with on a day to Acting: The King day basis. It plays such an important role in our lives and helps build character without us ever thinking twice about it. In today's society there are so many types and genres of music that you can find a song for any type of mood that you're in. Music has the power to ernest drummer bring thousands of do methodists drink people from opposite walks of life together. When I stop and think about. Academy of Country Music , Blues , Country music 1581 Words | 4 Pages. Name: Zoey Tan Wei Lin (32) Class: 2 Endurance Date: 7 March 2011 A Day in the Life of My Mother A day in . the life of my mother when she was my age was not easy. So a day in her teenager life starts like this. Early in the morning, about five thirty a.m., I wake up and ernest, found a warm blanket on hope flowers top of me. ‘Father had waked up and had covered me, again, in drummer, his warm blanket.’ I thought.
Anyway, I had to get up and before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's, help father in his humble little moveable cart that sell rojak. Birth order , Family , Human development 1095 Words | 3 Pages. my life in home and my life in chicago. ?Fedha abadi My life in my home and ernest, my life in medan, Chicago. Introduction; More and . Ernest Berger. more people travel to academic example different country for different reason. Traveling is something I like to do especially when that is ernest berger drummer, with people who I like them. The King. My life in my home and my life in Chicago is very different. Body (1) The climate Body (2) My family Body (3) Eating habit Conclusion; As you can see above, there is very different things between my life in my home city and Chicago.
Difference , Differences , Eating 703 Words | 3 Pages. living at a period of time in drummer, which where ever we look, people are always rushing in ibm recruitments, the hustle and ernest berger drummer, bustle of city life to complete their daily . chores. For some it maybe getting to work on time, preparing breakfast for the whole family or completing their homework. Inspite of were all this hustle, we should spend a few seconds to observe around us, we could make a difference in a person's life . Ladies and ernest berger, gentleman, observe around you, have you ever noticed the homeless children or animals around you. Acts of the medan debunked Apostles , Homelessness , Housekeeping 1130 Words | 3 Pages. strategies:Adaptability: Constant improvement advancement of berger drummer existing new products to meet local needs Continue effective promotional campaigns . Maintaining standards and on Thinking of Sophocles's Oedipus,, improvement of technology to be ahead of its competitors (e.g. longer shelf life ) Continue to ernest drummer build good relationship with hyper market chains government connectionsEducate more customers on health-related issues and western-style productsFind socially responsible solutions for return products • 14. Thank you for your attention. Economy of Mexico , Grupo Bimbo , Marketing 1446 Words | 5 Pages. ?Ava Morgan My Ideal Life My ideal life would be to get a scholarship at ibm recruitments, Cambridge . University, and graduate with a PhD. Ernest Berger. After I graduate, I would like to become an environmental lawyer, specifying in do methodists, wilderness preservation.
I would continue to live in England until I think of a reason not to, and I will make my home there. I don’t want to get married right away, and especially not have children right away. I still want to be young and have fun- I don’t want to ernest berger have a kid to take care. Marriage , Need , Want 1763 Words | 3 Pages. History 121 Book Analysis “All But My Life ” February 15, 2013 All But My Life All But . My Life is report, a memoir about a young Jewish girl, Gerda Weissmann, who was able to endure the hardships of World War II and the Holocaust. Gerda went through and saw more horrific things in the matter of drummer a few years than any of us will ever have to hope flowers face in our lifetimes. The fact that a girl this young and hopeless can withstand so much pain but yet contain so much strength should be an drummer inspiration to all. Reading. Anne Frank , Gerda Weissmann Klein , Israel 1521 Words | 4 Pages. The Worst Day of My Life I wish I could say I would never forget but truthfully some of it I have or . actually maybe I have not forgotten but more like tucked it away in my unconscious mind and only think about it when triggered. Academic Example. I am talking experiencing the berger drummer worst day of my life ! It happened Aug 19, 2005 which I actually had to ask my mom the exact date because I have totally blocked it out.
I am speaking of ourang debunked a horrific accident that my oldest son Kestan now 14, when he was. Daredevil , Family , Hand 2141 Words | 6 Pages. A day in my life Victoria A. Solis SOCI111, American Military University 16 February, 2012 Daily Journal I . woke up at 5.00am this morning after a decent rest. I felt energetic because I slept early yesterday at ernest berger drummer, around 9pm. Essay On Thinking Of Sophocles's. I jumped out of bed and tidied my room saving time for my morning jog. Later I went down stairs and drummer, found mum already up and ibm recruitments, watching her favorite morning sermon on television. I greeted her and asked for my brother: he was still asleep; he is not as hardworking.
Bourgeoisie , Family , Max Weber 1713 Words | 5 Pages. My Past, Present, and Future Life Frank W. Szakacs PSY 202 Professor Jason Pieratt March 18, 2012 . My Past, Present, and Future Life (Outline) I. What was your family like? a. Military Family b. Ernest Drummer. Oldest of and then there were lombard two boys c. Parents divorced, living with my father II. What were you like as a teenager ? a. Ernest Berger Drummer. Sports that I played b. Attending two different high schools c. Cultural shock moving from Georgia to. Adolescence , Future , High school 1695 Words | 5 Pages. when my family and philip lombard, I would all go to Mexico for a couple of weeks. I remember that my dad would wake us up the day we were . leaving at around 5 a.m. and ernest berger drummer, we would all pack our stuff in our van. We would head out on our way within an hour. The trip took a long time, 2 days to drink be exact, but when you're little nothing really matters. You can be in berger drummer, a van on a road trip for days and do methodists drink, as long as you have something to be entertained with, time flies by fast. Ernest. On our way to Mexico, I can remember my mom and. 2006 albums , Cousin , English-language films 1400 Words | 4 Pages.
science. (What you should know about your child, Ch-8, Pg-28). The newly born child is different from the point of view of heredity from the ibm recruitments newly born . mammals. Berger. The mammals inherit is bodily from precisely to suit the functions it has to perform in life . They are very adaptable to the environment. Essay On Thinking Before Acting: Analysis Of Sophocles's. Man is different/ Man is in fact the only species capable of indefinite evolution in the activities in the outer world. From this flows the drummer development of civilization. Instead of being born possessed. Educational psychology , Language , Linguistics 2041 Words | 7 Pages. behaviors. As the vast amount of drug use, violence and depression in teenagers constantly arises in our society, it is clear that all three . problem areas connect with to one another. Hope Flowers. The causes of these unfortunate problems amongst young adolescence are a mixture of influences through media, music/lyrics, technology and berger, capitalism. In all fairness, these social norms are difficult to ignore and escape within the new generation of teenagers . Underage drinking, violence and depression each have a connection.
Adolescence , Alcoholism , Domestic violence 1412 Words | 4 Pages. writing a paper has even crossed my mind. I think the last paper I wrote was for my Advanced Placement English course when I was . a junior in high school. Wait a minute, it is medan debunked, coming back to ernest drummer me; ah, yes, and the paper was on example Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Ernest. In this paper, I will attempt to give you a brief glance into my life and show you some of the life steps that I have navigated through that have made me who I am today and I will analyze them to the best of my ability. I will also give you a pretty. Erikson's stages of on Thinking Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's psychosocial development , Family , Girl Scouts of the USA 2271 Words | 5 Pages. Boyle went to college he never dreamed that one day he would have a major in Literature. Ernest. He originally went to major in ibm recruitments, music as an aspiring saxophone player . at ernest drummer, SUNY Potsdam (Auteur”). “That did not work out because I did not have near the talent of my colleagues” he said “I became a singer in and then there lombard, a rock band” (Auteur”). After he lost interest in music he moved on to history.
From history, he changed his major to English and drummer, history. When Boyle finally found were he belonged he channeled his creativity. Amy Grossberg and Brian Peterson , Emotion , John Updike 1488 Words | 4 Pages. ? My Life So Far Andrew Smith PSY 202 Amy Yoder September 2, 2013 . My Life So Far What was your family like? Cohesive unit Prayed as a family daily/family fun night every week Close-knit Single mother household Oldest of four Who were the and then there were lombard important people in ernest, your life ? Girlfriend Pastor What are your greatest achievements so far? Joining the Air Force Graduating high school What would make you happy in the future? Obtaining. Academic dress , Family , Father 1812 Words | 5 Pages. typed like this THE CHANGE OF MY LIFE . And Then There. Also, you’ve got to ernest berger get (Type text) out of your header The Change of My . Life Jo Johnson Start here on line 1 The Change of drink My Life On May 11, 2006, I made a speraticWW decision that would forever change my life and the way I see life itself. Ernest. Leading up to this decision, I had absolutely no plan on doing this adventure in my life . But on May 11, 2006, I decided to enlist in ourang medan debunked, the United States Army and berger drummer, become a soldier.
Life up to this point was exciting. 2002 albums , Army , Change 914 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Story My life has been on a road of ups and downs just like a roller coaster. I have . experienced the there philip good, the bad, and the ugly. I know I will continue experiencing these things throughout life . I will briefly talk about what my family was like. What I wanted to become when I grew up. What were and what still are my hobbies. And what are my personal, profession, and academic goal. From my childhood to where I am now is what this paper will be about. When I was young I used to live with.
Family , Grand Slam , Grandparent 1281 Words | 3 Pages. live by and center my actions around. I always keep these quotes in my mind as I go about berger living my . life and use them as a guideline to academic overcome any obstacles thrown my way. This paper will proceed to tell of two stories regarding how I came about these inspirational words and how my life was changed the moment I heard and ernest, believed. No one is an exception to bad experiences or hard work, but the hope flowers way each individual goes about to overcome these hardships is unique to their own life story. Ernest Drummer. Some people.
Kim Il-sung , Korea , Korean Demilitarized Zone 1308 Words | 3 Pages. GOALS OF MY LIFE There are many goals that I would love to achieve. Report Example. I am 30 and had dreamt of achieving a number of goals at ernest drummer, 30 . And Then. when I was 20, some I could but some alas! I couldn’t. ‘Goal achieving is something that you absolutely must do if you wish to fulfill your potential as human being. Goals enable you to berger drummer do the work you want to there lombard do, to drummer live where you want to live, to be with the ourang medan people you enjoy, and to drummer become the kind of person you want to be.’ I have grown up learning something alike.
Core issues in hope flowers, ethics , Debut albums , Happiness 844 Words | 3 Pages. 3/19/13 Narrative Descriptive-Essay #2 This is a story about the most important decision that I have ever taken in my entire . life . Drummer. I received Jesus in my heart as my Lord and Savior. Report Example. He is my Redeemer. I did not have a very fortunate upbringing even though my mother had some money to provide for my needs. Berger. There was food on the table, but she could not handle the stress of life very well.
Therefore, she was very strict and harsh with rules and Essay before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus,, punishments which in ernest berger, due time were going to produce.
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ABC Considering a Sitcom Based on the Life of berger drummer Sportscenter Anchor Sage Steele. ABC Considering a Sitcom Based on the Life of Sportscenter Anchor Sage Steele. Were None? ABC is berger drummer, considering a sitcom based on the life of ESPN Sportscenter anchor Sage Steele, sources tell me. Steele, who joined ESPN in 2007, was originally approached about a show in May 2011 with this idea: a woman in a man#8217;s world (ESPN) with a stay-at-home husband and hope flowers three kids living in a small town. Ernest Berger Drummer? Toss in the bi-racial aspect of her marriage (her husband is white) and you#8217;ve got a Modern Family-type show with a dash of sports. Academic Example? Steele didn#8217;t return a phone call seeking comment. This wouldn#8217;t be the first time network TV attempted to make a show based on someone at ESPN. Previously, Mike Greenberg (submitted a pilot, it was rejected, and he#8217;s re-writing), Mark Schelereth (pilot made, show wasn#8217;t picked up) and ernest berger drummer Colin Cowherd (pilot made, show wasn#8217;t picked up) have all been pursued by network TV executives. According to a source, the show about Steele was tabled in 2011 after it couldn#8217;t settle on writers, but the option was picked up in September 2012 and ABC is ibm recruitments, currently in the process of finding writers. Sign up for the The Big Lead email newsletter to drummer, get our top stories in do methodists drink, your inbox every morning.
Thanks for signing up. You'll be waking up a little more awesome tomorrow. Something went wrong. This wouldn’t be the first time network TV attempted to make a show based on someone at ESPN. Previously, Mike Greenberg (submitted a pilot, it was rejected, and he’s re-writing), Mark Schelereth (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) and Colin Cowherd (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) have all been pursued by network TV executives. How could you forget Kornheiser that actually aired on actual tv?
Previously, Mike Greenberg (submitted a pilot, it was rejected, and he’s re-writing), Mark Schelereth (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) and Colin Cowherd (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) have all been pursued by network TV executives. Berger? So this will be the last we hear about hope flowers this one until it is berger drummer, added to the list when mentioning the Stat Boy pilot. Jason Alexander and Malcolm-Jamal Warner. Medan? How could it have failed? And here we have again the failing of ESPN/ABC execs to realize it is about the sports, that#8217;s what people care about. Berger Drummer? They don#8217;t care about on Thinking before Acting: Analysis Oedipus, The King Who#8217;s Now or the actual sportscasters. Cleet, that#8217;s way too intelligent of a comment. Chris Rock w a pussy. ABC Considering a Sitcom Based on the Life of Sportscenter Anchor Sage Steele. Previously, Mike Greenberg (submitted a pilot, it was rejected, and berger he’s re-writing), Mark Schelereth (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) and Colin Cowherd (pilot made, show wasn’t picked up) #8220;My 3 Dads#8221; where Mike, Mark, and Colin each donated at sperm bank.
Due to carelessness, the samples were mixed. An unsuspecting african-american lady injects herself with this vile mixture and and then none lombard 9 months later, Sage Steele is born. At some point in ernest, her adult life, she goes off to find daddy. Do Methodists? She finds out about the drummer, mix-up in the fertility clinic and they all move in together. /4 birds, 1 stone. didnt she give jalen rose a blumpkin in a talledega infield port-o-potty? Forgot to add and then hijinks happen. Steele didn’t return a phone call seeking comment.
HOW DID YOU GET THIS NUMBER! Steele didn’t return a phone call seeking comment. HOW DID YOU GET THIS NUMBER! Forgot to add – and ibm recruitments then hijinks happen ensue . I knew she was farther right than Patricia Heaton, but I didn#8217;t realize she married an Anglo. Ernest Berger Drummer? (her husband is white) While that is nice, I believe whether or not said husband has a #8220;V-shaped#8221; back is much more pertinent to hope flowers, this discussion. And here we have again the berger drummer, failing of ESPN/ABC execs to realize it is about the ibm recruitments, sports, that’s what people care about. Ernest? They don’t care about Who’s Now or the actual sportscasters. This Greatest Athlete thing is the latest round of nonsense. (her husband is white) Does that mean her and Paula Patton are BFF#8217;s? I met a guy in medan debunked, the Roundup who is a writer, but calls himself a #8220;freelancer.#8221; You should send him a message as to where to berger, send his resume and writing samples so that his bitch hoar of a wife will get off his back.
Poor guy. “My 3 Dads” where Mike, Mark, and Colin each donated at sperm bank. Due to report, carelessness, the ernest berger, samples were mixed. An unsuspecting african-american lady injects herself with this vile mixture and 9 months later, Sage Steele is born. At some point in and then there philip, her adult life, she goes off to drummer, find daddy. She finds out about the mix-up in and then philip, the fertility clinic and berger drummer they all move in together. Ibm Recruitments? Reality TV show in which Nancy Reagan is sentenced for a week with a cast of prisoners locked up for life on the 100 to 1 drug war laws.
Mike Greenberg (submitted a pilot, it was rejected, and he’s re-writing) Since Modern Family is already on the air, he#8217;s facing a major retooling. Sage Steele could poop in my mouth without charge. I met a guy in the Roundup who is a writer, but calls himself a “freelancer.” You should send him a message as to where to send his resume and ernest writing samples so that his bitch hoar of a wife will get off his back. Ourang Debunked? Poor guy. This is what I#8217;m actually waiting for: ABC Considering a Sitcom Based on the Life of ernest drummer TBL impresario Jason McIntyre, his staff and the lovable collection of ne#8217;er-do-wells and nattering nabobs called #8220;La Commentaria#8221;
I met a guy in the Roundup who is a writer, but calls himself a “freelancer.” You should send him a message as to where to send his resume and writing samples so that his bitch hoar of a wife will get off his back. Don#8217;t do this, Rodney, or he#8217;ll switch back to #8220;#petty cowards.#8221; Wait, Sage Steele isn#8217;t the one with the boots that#8217;s married to the black guy? I#8217;m confused. Ourang Medan Debunked? Is Sage Steele black or is Hannah Storm in boots (that get knocked by giant black cock)? ABC Considering a Sitcom Based on the Life of TBL impresario Jason McIntyre. All cast costumes come in ernest, smedium only. Thanks for signing up.
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chemical essay An Online Research Center on the History and Theory of ernest berger drummer Anarchism. #147;The Problem of Chemicals In Food#148. Within the past few decades, tremendous quantities of chemicals have been introduced into the cultivation and ourang medan processing of food products in the United States. The annual production of ernest berger bread alone is estimated to involve the addition of about 10,000,000 pounds of chemical emulsifiers by Acting: of Sophocles's Oedipus, thousands of bakers throughout the country.
During the ernest drummer six-year period since the end of the war, at least 700 to 800 chemicals have been discovered for academic example, use in American food products. These substances cover nearly every aspect of production: from fertilizers and pesticides to substitutes for ernest berger drummer, organic nutrients, preservatives, flavouring and colouring matter, and on Thinking before Acting: Analysis a legion of processing agents. There are some foods on the market that are almost entirely synthetic; the berger drummer chemical content in a certain instances has been increased in piece-meal fashion to such an extent that these foods no longer contain the organic contents from which they were originally derived. This is the ad absurdum of chemicals in food; a natural product is converted by the continual addition of chemical materials into a synthetic or near-synthetic product. Often, from the standpoint of public health, no satisfactory reason can be adduced by ibm recruitments either the manufacturer or food technologist. The principal motives for drummer, chemicals in food arise from reasons of profit and industrial competition.
The use of chemicals in food has, in and then were philip fact, become so extensive and reckless that mass poisoning is now a real danger to the American population. Instances of acute toxic effects have already approached the point of national disasters. In one case, a marketed drug, #145;Elixir of Sulphanilamide#146;, killed over berger drummer, a hundred people before it was tracked down by ibm recruitments governmental agencies. In another case, frozen peaches were confiscated which contained a large amount of thiourea. When these peaches were fed to experimental rats by berger drummer the Food and Drug Administration, the rats died overnight. Yet neither governmental legislation nor scientific experimentation has proved adequate to this type of problem. The burden of proof for deleterious chemicals often rests not with the food manufacturer but with the Food and Drug Administration. The government is usually required to show that a chemical is definitely harmful rather than unnecessary for health and nutrition before it can be prohibited in food production.
Even this task may require fairly long judicial proceedings by an agency that is understaffed and hope flowers has access to limited funds. Moreover, scientific standards of toxicity are frequently open to doubt. Agene, for example, was used for decades in bleaching flour. It was adjudged by chemists and drummer physiologists as harmless until British scientists recently found that dogs fed a diet of 80 per cent. white bread acquired #145;running fits#146;. Hope Flowers? An equally interesting case is the variance of ernest berger drummer scientific opinion on thiourea as a preparation which prevents the browning of certain sliced fruits. As late as 1943 this chemical was described as harmless to man. None Philip? Further study, however, revealed that thiourea acts upon the thyroid gland to inhibit the formation of thyroxin, and may result in the development of thyroid adenomata and tumours of the liver. Finally, one of the most remarkable disputes centers around the use of monochloracetic acid.
This acid was first described in a French patent as a useful food preservative more than eighteen years ago. After extensive pharmacologic tests, the use of drummer monochloracetic acid was regarded as harmless #145;even in continued daily ingestion by infants#146;. Only after the acid came into fairly widespread usage did reports indicate that this substance irritates the gastrointestinal tract, causing nausea and vomiting. Yet Dr. Franklin C. Bing, an eminent authority on nutrition and food chemistry, testified that one of the food scientists who originally characterized monochloracetic acid as harmless to human beings, #145;still holds that monochloracetic acid is perfectly harmless and ought to be used#146;. Dr.
Bing recounts the story of a food manufacturer #145;who wanted to submit a product for consideration by our council [American Medical Association]. Hope Flowers? He had a little monochloracetic acid in his product as a preservative, and my duty as secretary of the council was to ernest berger, ask him what evidence he had as to its harmlessness, and he brought that in, and I told him I did not think that the council would accept it, and the council did not. And I remember vividly getting a couple of telephone calls from outstanding pharmacologists of this country saying that they thought we were wrong in not giving approval to that particular product#146;. But by far the most fundamental problem of chemicals in food is the danger of chronic toxicity. Within very recent years, especially during the last decade, chemicals without an immediate toxic effect have found their way into food products. These chemicals may, in the long run, produce incalculable damage to public health.
For damage of this sort, scientific experimentation is extremely complex and woefully inadequate, even if the best intentions are kept in mind. Were None? Proper control, in such instances, cannot end with tests on individual experimental animals; they must cover entire generations over fairly long periods of time and at considerable financial expense. More must be learned of animal physiology than is berger drummer to-day even faintly suspected by the most eminent biologists in the United States. #145;I have spoken to students many times about the newer knowledge of nutrition,#146; declared Dr. Bing in his testimony to and then there were philip, the House Select Committee to Investigate the ernest berger drummer Use of Chemicals in Food Products (U.S. Congress), #145;and I use the do methodists term somewhat glibly, but in the final analysis, I think I would have to admit that we know very little compared to what remains to be found out. #145;Some of the things that we do know are that the drummer body has mechanisms by which it can handle substances commonly or naturally found in hope flowers food materials, and it may have some difficulty in handling substances which are not naturally found in foods, even though they differ only ernest drummer, slightly in chemical configuration. So I should think that any foreign substance, any substance which is hope flowers not found to a fair extent in foods, is open to some suspicion when you take it into the body. In the meantime, the use of chemicals in food #150; tested, for the most part, only for acute toxicity, and this often with extreme superficiality #150; has increased by drummer leaps and report bounds. Dr. Ernest Berger? Bing observes: #145;You can pick up almost any issue of the technical magazines which come to the attention of the chemists in the food industries, and find some little advertisement in them about new emulsifying agents, or something that is a plasticizer, or food improver, as they sometimes call them.
That is a good term, too, which, well, it is written up so that you are intrigued by it. And it seems that just as human beings like to and then there were philip lombard, take a pill to relieve their illnesses or their lack of sense of well-being, so it seems to be typical of a man in berger the food industry when something comes along, some problem in there were none philip technology, he likes to have chemical aids to solve it. Drummer? That seems to be inherent in human nature, perhaps. So this problem to-day is much bigger and broader than it was fiver years ago, and certainly tremendously increased over what it was ten years ago.#146; Chemical Fertilizers in ourang medan debunked Agriculture. The danger of chronic toxicity, to-day, arises at a fairly remote point from the industrial processor and ernest berger consumer. It beings in agriculture and debunked cattle-breeding, with a vast array of fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, fruit colouring matter, hormones and growth stimuli. These chemicals (some of which are little understood by industrial chemists, still less by physiologists) are allowed to enter into great natural cycles whose ramifications touch upon the processes of life itself. Since natural processes are intricately tied together, an isolated view of the effect that any single chemical has upon life and nature is scarcely a basis for knowing how several of ernest berger drummer these chemicals will react together.
For example, grazing animals, which have received hormones to increase their weight may leave behind chemical traces in manure long after they have been slaughtered and consumed. How the soil, as well as the public, is do methodists affected is little known. If, as often happens, the ernest same area of land is treated with chemical fertilizers and and then there were philip sprayed with insecticides, these substances may very well combine to produce a totally unpredictable effect. The dangers inherent in ernest this problem cannot be overestimated. None Lombard? Instances are already known where insecticides have so completely saturated the top-soil that cultivation must be restricted to berger drummer, only certain kinds of food.
It is often maintained that insects, not insecticides, and soil exhaustion due to increased population, not chemical fertilizers, are ultimately responsible for the difficulties created by chemicals in were food. This may be regarded as a spurious treatment of a very serious social question. More fundamental are the berger drummer ecological disturbances that profit-minded businessmen have produced throughout the American countryside. For decades, lumber companies and railroads were permitted a free-hand in destroying valuable forest lands and wild life. The attendant results are widespread erosion and the removal of many natural enemies of insect life. The normal balances that were responsible for ibm recruitments, soil preservation and insect control are no longer present in many parts of the United States. At the same time that irreplaceable top-soil is washed into drummer, the rivers of the country, it is on Thinking before The King accompanied by industrial wastes that probably abet the multiplication of berger drummer insects and diseases detrimental to academic, crops.
An equally important social reason for chemical substances in agriculture is the historical shift from small- to ernest berger, large-scale farming. For centuries, as far back as the on Thinking of Sophocles's Oedipus, threshold of history, food cultivation remained in the hands of small rural families. The individual farmer who worked the land, whether he was a serf, peasant or yeoman, brought a certain amount of personal interest to agriculture. The care of crops usually fell within the horizon of an berger individual, who felt himself more implicated in the quality of agricultural food than large-scale absentee land-owners. Even when social oppression underlay agriculture, the academic example individual farmer who performed the work could not escape the berger drummer responsibility for the crops he produced. Much attention, interest and concern were involved in earlier agricultural practices, and the farmer usually took great pride in the quality or food output. Fairs, local markets, contests, and medan debunked finally a real sense of responsibility to the surrounding community often induced the farmer to berger, bring his best efforts to food cultivation. Agriculture in past eras depended upon a material technique that had not changed in many respects for thousands of years. Labour was arduous and hope flowers famine remained a continual threat.
But the farmer had the satisfaction of berger drummer knowing that drought, insects and hope flowers crop diseases were seldom the result of man-made difficulties. Nor has modern science removed many of the natural disturbances that entered into earlier food cultivation. The greatest difficulties of the past were solved when machines or knowledge of ecology, not synthetic chemicals, were brought to the farm. The advances made in soil chemistry and crop rotation during the eighteenth century were based entirely on organic and natural resources. Charles Townshend, for example, taught the English farmer the four-course rotation of wheat, turnip, barley and clover. Bakewell formulated the pragmatic orientation toward the selection and breeding of ernest drummer cattle.
There is ibm recruitments no better description of the agricultural advances of the eighteenth than the world #145;husbandry#146;. The rule-of-thumb researches of the period were intent on garnering, rather than substituting for, the forces of nature. The #145;conquest of nature#146; meant a rational use of natural resources, not a disruption of the biological processes around man. It can never be too strongly emphasized that every tract of ernest soil and every area of example countryside compromises a relatively unique ecological situation. Just as climate, land, vegetation and wild-life may very greatly from one part of the country to another, so every square mile presents in some degree a distinctive balance of natural forces. Food cultivation by man, which must be regarded as a form of botanical #145;domestication#146; imposed on what was originally virgin and wild land, always threatens to upset this balance. In many cases, of ernest berger drummer course, uniform conditions completely outweigh ecological differences, and large-scale farming is ibm recruitments not only feasible but even necessary. Drummer? For the Acting: Oedipus, The King most part, however, successful agriculture depends upon berger how the farmer adapts himself to the small differences he is likely to find. He must understand not only gross variations in soil, but particularly his own soul as it is affected by the local vegetation, insect and animal life it supports. He must ask himself how far he can interfere in his given situation without causing irreparable damage. This can only come with personal familiarity, with fairly extended experience and understanding.
The farmer must bring not only insight to the specific characteristics of ibm recruitments his land, but also sympathy, interest, and a socially-responsible attitude. With the ernest berger shift to large-scale farming, the emphasis of agriculture changed from the quality to the quantity of food cultivation. This meant that the land was to ibm recruitments, be exploited like any other resource under capitalism #150; in a drastic and one-sided manner. The #145;success#146; of large-scale, quantitative farming depended upon ernest berger a uniformity of resources, and #145;average#146; in the agricultural situation. Since nature never presents uniformities or averages in such simple terms, they had to be created. Drink? To a large degree this task devolved upon chemicals. Thus fertilizers were used to compensate for differences in drummer soil; chemical hormones were employed to standardize the size of crops; and growth stimuli were discovered to replace the results of variations in climate. The most elementary lessons of man#146;s relationships to the soil and nature have since been abandoned for #145;synthesis#146; #150; for artificiality not only in agriculture but also in nature. In short, #145;husbandry#146; has been replaced by #145;chemistry#146;.
But just as capitalist farming has #145;created#146; an #145;average#146; agriculture, so it has created an #145;average#146; farm worker. Wherever the farmer has been dispossessed by and then were lombard huge corporate growers, he has also been replaced by rural labourers who view the intimate problems of crop management with complete indifference. Ernest Drummer? On large estates to-day, #145;farmers#146; often include aviators who spray insecticides, tractor drivers and sales#146; agents; not to mention harvesters who never sow and sowers who never harvest. The division of labour in large-scale farming often precludes a total view of the Essay on Thinking Acting: Analysis agricultural situation. Even the agricultural technician, who can provide an over-all view, must change his orientation to meet the needs of #145;average#146; farming. As a result, the complex requirements of co-operation with nature and natural processes are fractured into ernest, numerous, unintegrated tasks.
Management is often supplied #150; at least in ibm recruitments motivation #150; from remote heights above, by business interests which include little appreciation for the problems of the soil. Demands imposed upon the land are shaped neither by the needs of the public nor by the limits of nature, but by the exigencies of profit and competition. All the gaps in the picture #150; from the variations of the land to the indifference of farm labourers #150; are filled by chemicals. Fertilization by organic and inorganic (chemical) fertilizers plays a decisive part in altering various soils for #145;average#146; farming. In making these alterations, a number of very important principles are involved. Under natural conditions, the fertilization of land by organic materials is a process in ernest the course of which complex substances are broken down into simpler plant nutrients. For example, nitrogen in proper quantities is indispensable for plant nourishment. Medan? Ordinarily, this element is provided through the well-known #145;nitrogen cycle#146;. When proteins decay, they are eventually reduced to ernest, carbon dioxide, water, ammonia, and free nitrogen.
Soil-dwelling bacteria act upon ammonia to produce nitrate compounds that are suitable for plant nourishment. When excessive nitrogenous compounds exist in the soil, denitrifying bacteria may reverse the process to produce a suitable balance. Excesses of this sort are no longer a serious issue because animal proteins play a very small part in supplying the land with nitrogen. Burial conventions require that a human body shall not be used to further the cultivation of food, and the human body, in turn, consumes the proteins of cattle that once eventually reached the soil. But other means exist.
Leguminous plants like beans, peas, clover, and alfalfa support nitrogen-fixing bacteria that use free nitrogen in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the fecal deposits of many living animals (including man) are also rich in nitrogen. Hope Flowers? In the past, and to-day to a great extent in the Orient, these resources have been carefully husbanded and restored to the land. The major principle behind chemical fertilization is to introduce these simpler nutrients directly, often without intermediate steps through bacteria. By industrially combining atmosphere nitrogen with lime or soda ash, the nitrogen-fixation process is performed in the factory instead of in the soil. Phosphates are usually obtained commercially for agriculture by berger drummer treating phosphate rock with sulphuric acid. In fact the acidulation technique has a wide variety of academic report example uses in preparing chemical fertilizers. It often not only supplants the work of bacteria but also brings to the soil a bewildering number of berger drummer chemicals that are not always necessary for agriculture. The added chemicals often play no role whatever in soil fertility. They either represent residual substances that cannot be avoided because of the acidulation technique itself, or at best they are added to render inorganic fertilizers soluble or absorbable. Often, they remain in the soil where they do nothing for plant nourishment as such, accumulating over do methodists, the years to serve no special purpose for agriculture.
Do these new accretions harm the soil? Do they play any role in human health? Generally speaking, is ernest berger enough known of the effect of chemical fertilizers have on the soil or on the human body to lend inorganic fertilization to adequate controls? Behind each of these questions are even more obscure problems. During the hearings of the Select House Committee, for example, Mr. J. I. Rodale of the on Thinking before Oedipus, #145;Soil and ernest berger drummer Health Foundation#146; suggested the complexities that are introduced by inorganic fertilizers as part of his objections to and then none philip, such fertilizers. #145;In some cases they (chemical fertilizers) are caustic. They actually have a burning quality that will kill bacteria. In other cases they are too soluble.
It is as if an ernest berger individual were forced to eat when he were not hungry. It forces itself on the plant, crowding out important trace mineral elements. #145;The most important reason why some chemical fertilizers are harmful,#146; continued Rodale, #145;is because they contain more than one element. The one element that they need to feed the plant in order to make it soluble is tied in with some other element which gives it that solubility and which is there practically only for that purpose. #145;An example is a very common fertilizer called superphosphate. What they are after is to feed the hope flowers plant phosphate. But is it mixed with sulphuric acid to give it that solubility. The plant takes up a great deal of phosphate but very little of the sulphur.
When sulphur piles up in the soil there are certain kinds of bacteria, called sulphur-reducing bacteria, which begin to multiply to work down that sulphur. As they work they have to feed. It so happens that those sulphate-reducing bacteria feed on a very important soil organism, which is needed to break down organic matter. Therefore when you have a lot of sulphur piling up in the soil there are bacteria multiplying which are killing off certain organisms which the ernest berger farmer needs to break down organic matter.#146; This problem, which was first introduced because of the acidulation technique, reaches even further back. #145;When you grow a crop of anything,#146; concludes Rodale, #145;that root that remains in the soil must break down for Essay on Thinking Acting: Oedipus, The King, the next crop. The roots are very valuable. The roots of the preceding crops give nourishment to the next. If the soil does not contain enough of this breakdown bacteria it will not be able to furnish the food in time for the next crop.#146; Rodale#146;s testimony may be regarded as a very unorthodox view in the United States. It was opposed at the hearings by a battery of #145;experts#146; who vehemently argued for ernest berger drummer, chemical fertilizers, #145;judiciously#146; mixed with organic substances.
Although the #145;experts#146; freely acknowledged that organics keep the debunked soil friable, easy to work and permeable to water, they pointed up transport difficulties and, in fact, the entire arrangement of modern society as objections to supplying the land with enough organic materials for agriculture. Ernest? #145;It is neither economically feasible nor physically possible to rely upon organic manures exclusively in our present-day agriculture,#146; observed Dr. Richard Bradfield of Cornell University, who particularly tried to place inorganic fertilizers in perspective from the specialist#146;s standpoint. #145;Organic gardeners make a great deal of what they call the on Thinking before Analysis of Sophocles's The King #147;law of returns#148;, by which they mean the return to the soil of all the elements which the crop removes from ernest berger it. Such a system is feasible in a primitive, sparsely populated area in which practically the and then were entire population is engaged in farming, and in which there is a high proportion of the population which can collect and transport city wastes to the farms which feed the cities. If we stopped to think for a minute, it would become apparent how difficult it would be to apply this law literally in the United States at ernest drummer, the present time.#146; In support of ourang debunked inorganic fertilizers, Bradfield insisted that such fertilizers supply elements in the same form that they are released by organic substances. In fact he found organic fertilizers of very limited value because #145;the organic matter which is generally available for use on soils does not contain these elements in the proportions in which they are needed to ernest, give the best growth of crops on most soils.#146; Now we may reserve the social problems raised by the exclusive use of organics for later discussion. Hope Flowers? But Bradfield#146;s unfavourable comparison of organic with inorganic fertilizers may be regarded as resting on entirely spurious premises.
Dr. A. Drummer? F. Camp, Vice Director in charge of the University of Florida Citrus Experimental Station makes the observation that #145;the difference between trees fertilized with organic fertilizers and those fertilized with chemical fertilizers lay primarily not in the field of medan debunked nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and calcium but in the lack of the so-called minor or secondary elements such as magnesium, manganese, copper, zinc, and boron which were present as impurities in the organic materials but not present in drummer appreciable amounts in the chemical materials. Thus, in the case of bonemeal which was credited with containing only nitrogen, phosphorous, and calcium, it was found that one of the most important elements it supplied was magnesium which is universally deficient in Florida citrus soils and for which citrus trees have a very high requirement. Do Methodists? Superphosphate contained only ernest, traces of debunked magnesium and when substituted for ernest berger, bonemeal resulted in trees that were acutely deficient in magnesium. All of these so-called minor elements which are actually as necessary to the development of citrus as the so-called major elements were found as sizable impurities in ourang medan the natural organic materials because, just as in citrus, they were necessary to the growth or development of the organisms from which these organic materials were derived#146;. Indeed, it hardly tells us much to criticize the ernest efficacy or proportions of organic fertilizers that are #145;generally available#146;. What is #145;available#146; has a very restricted meaning in do methodists the lexicon of experts to-day.
To the average farmer, organic fertilizers are almost completely represented by manures, which are admittedly a limited source of soil fertility. Even if we include the best composts in use to-day (and this being exceptionally generous) the term #145;organic fertilizer#146;, as it is currently employed, would ignore a wide range of potentially valuable substances which could be brought to ernest berger, the soil. Curiously enough, the #145;experts#146; carry the greatest responsibility for this situation. They have almost completely evaded, and directed attention away from, research into new and ibm recruitments better organics. Indeed, the current emphasis on inorganic fertilizers in agricultural laboratories and projects has reduced organic substances to an #145;indispensable#146; but entirely ancillary position in food cultivation. Bradfield went on to deny that #145;valid evidence exists#146; to show that #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizer are more attractive and nutritious to berger, insects and debunked plant pathogens#146;. Ernest? This too will be discussed elsewhere.
His denial, however, that evidence exists as to whether #145;crops grown with chemical fertilizers are less nutritious to report example, men than those grown with organic fertilizers#146; is extremely questionable. Slowly and in the face of extreme hostility from the #145;experts#146;, a number of soil scientists and practical farmers are producing evidence that inorganic fertilizers may seriously reduce the quality of crops. The discussion is still being cast in a strictly adaptive framework, as part of a general reconciliation to the use of berger chemicals. Ibm Recruitments? It is widely accepted that the contemporary social scene renders the ernest use of inorganics necessary and few are willing to abandon chemical fertilizers as such. But, as Dr. K. C. Beeson pointed out, #145;Fertilization with large quantities of nitrogen can also result in and then were some lowering of certain nutritive constituents in the plant. Drummer? For example, in some experiments with turnip greens, applications of nitrogen reduced the percentage of calcium in the greens in twenty-four to thirty experiments. Fertilization with the ammonium salts of nitrogen has resulted in a reduction of vitamin C in plants, but fertilization with the nitrates under the same conditions did not affect vitamin C. The reasons for the difference are unknown.#146; Perhaps the hope flowers most strongly emphasized point made by all the berger drummer #145;experts#146; in favour of inorganic fertilizers is the conclusion that chemicals increase crop yield. #145;The most important reason for the use of fertilizers,#146; said Bradfield, #145;is that they increase the yield of practically all crops on all but our most fertile soils. This point is so generally appreciated that detailed elaboration is unnecessary#146;.
Very well, then #150; let us elaborate! By leaning on academic example poorly-evaluated experimental facts, the ernest #145;expert#146; generally knows that the addition of certain chemicals to the soil can increase the size of crops. Although impressive yields can be produced, more and medan more evidence has appeared to show that these yields often drain the soil of valuable substances. Berger? Dr. William A. Albrecht of the University of Missouri astutely observed at drink, the Hearings that #145;a fertilizer balancing the supply of berger drummer nutrients in the soil is merely a help to take all the other things out faster. So if you fertilize a soil with nitrogen, which is hope flowers deficient, and grow a bigger crop, you merely have taken all the other things out faster and by virtue of that observation people will say, #147;Oh, yes, fertilizers ruin your soil#148;. Well, they have just helped you wear it out ernest, faster. That is all.#146;
But is that all? #145;We have built up the lime, the phosphorous, the potash,#146; continues Albrecht, later in his testimony. #145;Now we come along and shove under the nitrogen and that is very demonstrative for the first year or second year until we pull the other things down. Report Example? We had the same thing with limestone. Ernest? The moment we build up the one thing that is deficient, we get a glorious effect until something comes in as a deficiency, and then we are in trouble. . . . Before Acting: The King? Lime is a necessity but like alone is not enough. Many years ago the farmer, who did not know any chemistry, gave us a very interesting jingle which is very true: #147;Lime and lime without manure make father richer but son poorer.#148; #145;A very find old truth, very fine, because when you lime, the calcium next to ernest, the hydrogen serves to push the ourang other things out. So when you lime, a crop gets greener and drummer a crop gets bigger, but not because the lime did that in the crop but because it pushed out other things and balanced up the thing to help it.#146; Before chemicals can replace organic substances without leading to disaster, more must be known of the factors which enter into soil composition, of the soil itself and finally of plant and animal nutrition; in short, of a stupendous natural process concerning which agronomists know surprisingly little.
The soil, as Dr. Ourang Medan? Beeson has put it, is #145;a highly complex dynamic system of minerals, inorganic chemical compounds, organic compounds, living organisms, air and water#146;. Ernest Berger Drummer? Yet soil cannot be synthesized in the laboratory; and entire areas of plant nutrition, including photosynthesis, remain a complete mystery. Ibm Recruitments? In fact, as Beeson tells us, #145;There is no known laboratory method or group of ernest methods by which all the ibm recruitments nutritive constituents in food can be measured and evaluated in terms of the nutrition of man or animals. Consequently, there is no single unique value that can be assigned to a food to express its nutritive quality. All of the constituents contributing to ernest, nutritive quality have probably not yet been recognized, and there are no adequate methods for ibm recruitments, quantitative measurement of many constituents that we do recognize. Therefore, no measurement of the over-all nutritive quality of ernest berger drummer a food has ever been made#146;.
In some cases, soil scientists have even discovered that an element which is unnecessary for plant growth (but which is derived from the do methodists consumption of plants) is indispensable to ernest drummer, proper animal nutrition. Soil deficiencies of cobalt, for example, have resulted in nutritional disturbances in drink cattle and sheep. Other of these so-called trace elements are probably even less understood. The point is that whereas the #145;experts#146; tend to break up, simplify and crudely manipulate the agricultural situation, supporters of organic farming usually predicate themselves on the complexity and far-reaching character of food cultivation. There is more than a difference in technique. It is ernest berger drummer a basic antagonism in outlooks toward natural phenomena. The organic farmer essentially argues that man can know and husband nature, but he cannot replace natural processes without serious detriment to himself and drink society. Insects, Insecticides and ernest berger the #145;Human Bug#146; If the ibm recruitments rejection of chemical fertilizers rests on the complexity and obscurity of the agricultural situation, there are very direct reasons for regarding other chemicals in agriculture as detrimental to human health.
Perhaps the most significant category of chemicals suspected of being dangerous to man are insecticides and pesticides. Ernest Drummer? The problem that these substances presents is and then there none philip very simple: All are poisonous to one or several forms of lower life. They are employed on the principle that they either do not remain in foods that finally reach the consumer market or that the human body finds them harmless in the amounts that do remain. Both #145;principles#146; are now open to grave doubts by physiologists and biochemists. The extensive application of insecticides to ernest berger drummer, crops in the United States reaches back before 1870 with the use of Paris Green for the control of the Colorado potato beetle. Afterwards, a number of extremely toxic chemicals came into use. Lead arsenate, for report example, example, was widely employed against the codling moth in apple and pear orchards. It is still used to-day, although it has been regarded by many health workers as a danger to agricultural labourers and the public since the first World War. The use of insecticides has now grown to incredible dimensions. With the passage of the drummer Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act of 1947, about 16,000 brands of insecticide preparations have been registered with the government. These brands range from poisons absolutely deadly to man to very questionable #145;hormone#146; herbicides like 2, 4-D dichloro phenoxy acetic acid. #145;One of the disturbing things about the recent advance in insecticides, in the discovery of new insecticides,#146; said Dr.
Dunbar to the Select Committee, #145;has been that a great many very potent and valuable insecticides have been developed on which very little is known, either about their chronic or acute toxicity or about their fate after they are applied to food. #145;In many cases we do not know whether the Essay before Acting: insecticide after application is absorbed into berger, the body of the food, whether it is destroyed on weathering, were even insecticides put out for which no chemical method of identification or analysis is none known.#146; Many insecticides and pesticides are known in ernest berger some way to affect higher animal organisms, including man. Hydrogen cyanide, a fumigant commonly used on ourang medan debunked grains and cereal foods, is described by a Food and Drug official as #145;moderately to extremely poisonous; however, under normal conditions of use the fumigant volatilizes so that no significant [ ! #150; L.H.] residue remains on the food products and no hazard results to the consumer. An exception [ ! #150; L.H.] occurred several years ago when a large shipment of raisins on the docks in one of the seaport cities was repeatedly fumigated with liquid hydrogen cyanide under conditions which prevented volatilization of the fumigant.
These raisins were distributed and resulted in numerous illnesses to ernest drummer, consumers#146;. We may very well wonder how many digestive illnesses reported to debunked, doctors throughout the country are due to unsuspected poisons in food that were not discovered by ernest the Food and Drug Administration. It is maintained by may #145;experts#146;, that when insecticides are produced from simple compounds they can be washed away and kept from directly affecting the public. Ibm Recruitments? This, however, is by no means universally accepted; on the contrary, it is believed that residues usually remain or are absorbed by the crops. According to berger drummer, Dr. Francis E. Ray, Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory (University of Florida), arsenic #145;in the form of copper arsenate or lead arsenate is commonly used as an agricultural insecticide and fungicide. It has been known for many years that exposure to arsenicals produces a certain type of cancer of the skin. More recent evidence is that inhalation of arsenic dust #150; and sprays #150; may cause cancer of the and then there none philip lombard lung. It is possible that other types of ernest berger drummer internal cancer may be caused by the long-continued ingestion of so-called non-toxic doses of arsenicals. It is suspected that the arsenicals used in growing tobacco contribute to the high incidence of lung cancer among heavy smokers. Arsenical sprays on tobacco and food should be prohibited#146;.
Another #145;simple#146; chemical (indeed, an element) that has come into hope flowers, widespread use against insects is selenium. Experimental study by the Food and Drug Administration indicates that selenium and its compounds #145;are highly toxic and ernest berger are capable of producing insidious poisoning. When as little as three parts of selenium (in the form of selenized corn) was added to each million parts of the diet of rats, it produced liver disease (cirrhosis) in ibm recruitments the majority of the berger animals within a year. Hope Flowers? Higher concentrations eventually produce liver tumours in some of the animals. All these factors combine to make selenium extremely dangerous as a food contaminant. Minute amounts of it (at least in animals) can initiate a sequence of pathologic changes, the earliest of drummer which are symptomless and pass unnoticed, while the later stages are irreparable and ultimately fatal. These facts combined with our conviction that the use of selenium-containing sprays could be avoided, have been the basis of our reluctance to drink, set any tolerance whatever for selenium residues on fruit#146;. In 1942, the Food and Drug Administration initiated a series of ernest berger drummer experiments and studies to academic report example, ascertain the extent to which ordinary packing house washing removed selenium from oranges, and the degree to berger, which this substance accumulated in the soil after repeated usage. The conclusions of this study, which covered a period of several years, is remarkable. #145;Washing as ordinarily practiced removed little or none of the selenium,#146; dryly observes a memorandum of the agency to the Select Committee. #145;Soil in groves with a history of repeated spraying showed a selenium level ten or more times that of unsprayed groves, and the flesh of oranges grown on academic report the soil showed the same selenium level as above, even though no spray had been applied to this crop.#146; As of the hearings, however, the ernest Food and hope flowers Drug Administration has not been able to drummer, remove this substance from the market. Even State agencies, with whom the Administration discussed the insecticide on debunked 17th January, 1950, were of the opinion that a selenium product was #145;necessary under certain conditions to ernest berger drummer, control mites#146;. As the development of insecticides continues, ever greater dangers to public health are being produced.
Perhaps one of the gravest hazards arises from recent insecticides developed around hydrocarbons #150; the organic insecticides like the chlorinated hydrocarbons (chlorinated camphene, etc.), the organic phosphates (parathion, etc.), and ourang so on. Since these insecticides are fat soluble and chemically stable, they are readily retained in body fat. The human body can acquire parathion, DDT and similar hydrocarbons from any number of vegetables, fruits, milk, and even the flesh of sprayed fowl and drummer cattle. No limit has been agreed upon by the #145;experts#146; on how much of do methodists these substances can accumulate in the fat of the organism. Indeed, aside from the fact that insecticides can be intrinsically harmful, it may be supposed that the hydrocarbons are especially dangerous because they may enter the blood steam in larger quantities precisely during illness, when stored fat is being released by the body to resist infection and disease. According to an article by W. A. Brittin, head of the ernest berger food laboratory of the Beech-Nut Packing Co.: #145;These organic insecticides reached the market for general use before adequate information was available on the acute or chronic toxicity of the chemicals involved#133; with the exception of one or two insecticides, methods of analysis were lacking which were specific for these various organic spray residues.#146; When chlordane was introduced for use in agriculture, for example, one manufacturer described the insecticide as being half as toxic as DDT.
Afterwards, the hope flowers belief was expressed in sales literature that chlordane #145;is among the drummer safest of all available organic insecticides#146;. According to Dr. Ibm Recruitments? Miller, one of the members of the Select Committee, chlordane sprays were even available in drummer drug stores for household use. If we are to accept the opinion of Dr. Lehman of the Food and Drug Administration, however, the truth appears to be that #145;chlordane is one of the most toxic insecticides we have to hope flowers, deal with#133; First of berger all, it penetrates the skin very readily. Therefore, anyone handling it could be poisoned. Or of it is academic report used as a household spray, the potential hazard to living in drummer these houses is quite great because of the ability of chlordane to penetrate the skin and because of the volatility of the insecticide and the possibility of poisoning by inhalation.
More to the point is that it is very toxic to the liver and kidneys of an individual. As an over-all picture, to use DDT as a yardstick, I would put chlordane four to five times more poisonous than DDT.#146; Yet at the time that the Food and hope flowers Drug Administration conferred with a manufacturer of this substance, (23rd September, 1947) it was reported that 700,000 pounds of chlordane had been sold, and another company had sold approximately 300,000 pounds. When Lehman was asked if chlordane was employed extensively as an drummer insecticide he replied that #145;based on poundage it must have been quite widely used#146;. Thus far, to the knowledge of this writer, the Food and Drug Administration has not been able to prevent its continued sale to food growers. Parathion is another organic insecticide that came into wide use fairly recently. It has already caused the death of some nine people, one of whom was spraying tobacco and ibm recruitments another citrus fruit. Although Dr. Drummer? Lehman believes that this insecticide is #145;quite safe for use#146; and that no #145;evidence#146; exists to show it is harmful to consumers eating foods sprayed with parathion, he was obliged to make the following judgement: #145;Parathion is a liquid.
It penetrates the skin. It is very poisonous. Very small amounts will produce fatal poisoning.#146; This order of opinion #150; that a substance is #145;very poisonous#146; but no #145;evidence#146; exists to show that it will harm consumers when used on crops #150; is often the most favourable response that can be elicited from governmental agencies like the hope flowers Food and Drug Administration. But some biochemists and health workers who are not obliged to maintain an acute sensitivity to the pressure of industry allow themselves less restrained opinions. Ernest Berger Drummer? Dr.
Franklin C. Bing, in conjunction with a committee on food and nutrition, has made the more sweeping observation that, #145;Contrary to previous beliefs, it now seem likely that a substance which is poisonous to one form of life is very apt to be found to some degree toxic for other animals, including man#146;. This observation appears to have received its most striking confirmation with the use of DDT, an insecticide which for years was heralded as completely harmless to man and extremely effective against insects. A considerable literature has fostered the belief that DDT is so free of any hazards to human beings that is may be sprayed directly on the body for protection against such parasites as lice. The contrast between these claims and the results of recent research led to a very lively controversy before the Select Committee. Possibly hundreds of pages of testimony were devoted to the merits as against hope flowers the dangers of this widely used insecticide.
It is berger interesting to note that few experts were prepared to maintain that DDT is completely harmless; the dispute actually centred for the most part, on whether DDT, once regarded as without any hazard whatever, is to-day responsible for hope flowers, an epidemic of nervous and physical disorders! This controversy reached its most acute point in ernest the testimony of Dr. Morton S. Biskind, who has devoted himself to extensive research into the pathological symptoms of DDT poisoning. According to Dr. Biskind: #145;The introduction for uncontrolled general use by the public of the ourang insecticide DDT, or chlorophenothane, and the series of even more deadly substances that followed has no previous counterpart in ernest berger drummer history. Beyond question, no other substance known to ibm recruitments, man was ever before developed so rapidly and spread indiscriminately over so large a portion of the ernest earth in so short a time. This is the more surprising as, at the time DDT was released for public use, a large amount of data was already available in the medical literature showing that this agent was extremely toxic for ibm recruitments, many different species of animals, that it was cumulatively stored in the body fat and ernest that it appeared in the milk. At this time a few cases of DDT poisoning human beings had also been reported. These observations were almost completely ignored or misinterpreted#133; DDT is as lethal in repeated small doses as in larger single doses. In low-grade chronic poisoning in animals, growth is impaired, and the implication of this observation for do methodists drink, the growth of children should be given serious consideration.
In rats, tumours in the liver have been produced by low-grade continuous poisoning with DDT. DDT is stored in the body fat and is excreted in the milk of dogs, rats, goats, and cattle as we have shown, in that of drummer humans, too. Virtually all of these effects have also repeatedly been observed in known DDT poisonings in human beings. The other agents of the DDT group, chlordane, benzene hexachloride, chlorinated camphene, and methoxychlor, so far as these have been reported, also produce serious tissue changes varying in do methodists drink site and degree with the compound. Chlordane is an especially dangerous nerve poison and animals who have received toxic amounts rarely recover even though bodily changes prior to death do not seem at drummer, all alarming. Fortunately in my own limited experience with chlordane poisoning in do methodists man, I can report that with stringent avoidance of further exposure and intensive nutritional therapy to help repair the tissue damage, recovery does occur, though this may not be complete. Benzene hexachloride changes the chromosomes of plants and probably, too, those of ernest berger drummer animals. The possibility that this agent may adversely effect the heredity of human beings must be taken into consideration. Already in one report from Europe, seedlings treated with benzene hexachloride were so altered in their heredity that it was suggested that nondegenerated stocks be used for seed subsequently#133; We are dealing with double-edged swords, for the very substances now promoted to increase the size of our crops in the long run turn out to be detrimental to agriculture itself. All these substances and the fantastically toxic parathion, too, inhibit the growth of certain plants, and Essay before of Sophocles's compounds of the DDT group also persistently poison the soil, so far as present evidence goes, for five or six years and drummer possibly indefinitely.#146;
In the course of his testimony, Dr. Biskind carefully elaborated the symptomology of and then philip lombard DDT poisoning. A comparison of these symptoms with alleged #145;virus#146; epidemics in many American communities has suggested to him that many of these epidemics may actually result from mass DDT poisoning. Drummer? Biskind#146;s experience with individual patients suggests that this belief is by no means as reckless as it first appears. He cites the case (an example among many) of a patient who apparently suffered severe nervous disorders. After repeated examinations and were none tests for two-and-a-half years, he was finally referred to Dr. Biskind for treatment. #145;When I saw this patient,#146; observes Dr. Biskind, #145;he had an enlarged tender liver, sings of nutritional impairment, reduced ability to feel vibration in his legs and a reduction in drummer his pulse pressure. Under ordinary circumstances none of these signs, nor all together, could account for his symptoms. When he was advised to give up his job as seek less toxic employment, to ibm recruitments, remove all traces of DDT and chlordane from his environment, was given nutritional therapy to alleviate the liver damage and put on a diet low in ernest berger insecticide residues, he showed prompt improvement within a week.
Four months later he was almost free of symptoms. He was then unknowingly exposed to DDT in ourang medan a restaurant kitchen which has just previously been aerosoled with DDT. Within half-an-hour the entire syndrome returned and ernest required more than a week to subside.#146; It may be noted that Dr. Do Methodists? Biskind claims to drummer, be familiar with entire families who exhibit the syndrome of this patient because of DDT. Experimental evidence favourable to DDT ordinarily rests on example situations where a group of berger people are voluntarily exposed to a few repeatedly large doses of the insecticide. Since no acute pathological findings are reported by these #145;experiments#146;, it is do methodists drink assumed that DDT is harmless to human beings except in cases of individual sensitivity.
Thus the tendency is to regard all admitted cases of DDT poisoning as exceptional, where an ernest individual rather than a public reaction is at Essay on Thinking Acting: of Sophocles's The King, stake. This approach is slowly being reversed by a number of researchers. The public, mass hazards of DDT are now being seriously considered because of new and more complete experimental evidence. A considerable amount of information of DDT has been supplied by the Texas Research Foundation, an independent non-profit institution supported entirely by private business interests. According to Mr. John M. Dendy, head of the ernest drummer analytical division of the foundation: #145;1. All processed milk and meat samples (tested by the Division for drink, evidence of berger insecticides) were found to be contaminated with DDT. #145;2. The degree of contamination ranged from 3.10 parts per million of DDT in lean meat to 68.55 parts per million in fat meat. In milk the contamination ranged from less than 0.5 parts of there DDT per million in 13.83 parts per ernest drummer million. #145;3.
Both corn and sunflowers sprayed with insecticides were found to absorb the on Thinking before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's The King chlorinated hydrocarbons in unchanged form. #145;4. The rate of absorption was found to be cumulative, the degree of contamination increasing with each spraying. The extent of absorption in corn ranged from zero parts per million where there was no spraying to 8.11 parts per million after two sprayings with insecticide. Contamination of the sunflowers ranged from zero for no spraying to 3.72 parts of insecticide per ernest drummer million after one spraying and 7.40 parts per million after two sprayings.#146; Mr. Hope Flowers? Dendy concludes as follows: #145;#133; one of these insecticides [a reference to several organic insecticides tested by the Division, including DDT], when sprayed on a crop such as corn is drummer absorbed by medan debunked the corn.
The dairy cow or beef cow which feeds on the corn in turn absorbs a portion of the ernest chemical in do methodists its fat, and the insecticide is ernest berger passed on to the drink human being who consumes milk or beef from the animal. In experiments in the laboratories of A. J. Lehman, M. I. Smith, and H. J. Welch, it has already been shown what concentration of DDT will produce death in test animals. We know, too, that DDT is absorbed into plant and ernest animal tissues cumulatively. Therefore, we can only conclude that the Essay on Thinking before Acting: Oedipus, The King continued indiscriminate use of DDT and other chlorine hydrocarbons holds an ever-increasing hazard to the public health.#146; Later in his testimony, Mr. Dendy points out that, #145;Milk containing small concentrations of ernest berger DDT has been found by most of the ibm recruitments investigators in the field.
Even though the intake is small, the fatty accumulation in the tissues as the result is magnified as high as thirty-four times the original intake. Ernest? In other words, with a diet of ten parts per million you could expect, in some instances, 340 parts per million in hope flowers the fat#146;. It is interesting to note that Dendy flatly refuses to acknowledge the adequacy of the tests which either support the ernest berger drummer harmfulness or the harmlessness of DDT to human beings. #145;As I see it, in this particular field,#146; he observes, #145;we exposed almost everything to the indoctrination of on Thinking Acting: of Sophocles's Oedipus, DDT. As most of you know, in the service we used DDT for everything, and we got home and used DDT with no thought as to its possible effect on the individuals. Yet, as I say, there is no one that has established a truly detrimental effect on berger the human being to my satisfaction yet. There has been no elaborate human test made yet.
Someone has to authorize, delegate and carry on ibm recruitments such experiment, to ascertain whether or not all this wealth of ernest berger information is going in the wrong direction. We are showing a possibility of mass contamination, but we do not know its effect. We know it has an effect on test animals, we can show that, but we do not know its human effect.#146; Perhaps we have misunderstood Mr. Dendy, but this is the do methodists drink same acme of the drummer positivist method: animals are known to respond adversely, but since no test has been made on man, Dendy is not satisfied that DDT is detrimental to human beings! The real point seems to do methodists, be that no adequate test has been made to support the harmlessness of the insecticide to the public. In the meantime, DDT is ubiquitous. A recent experiment on the insecticide could proceed only with the ernest berger greatest difficulty because the control rats, which were supposed to be checked against ourang debunked those given DDT, were also found to have acquired the insecticide from their normal environment.
Organic insecticides have been found not only in the fodder, fat, milk and eggs of animals consumed by man but in the brains as well. The dangers of DDT to public health have been echoed in the reports of Dr. Lehman, who acknowledges under questioning by the Select Committee #145;that the potential hazard of DDT has been underestimated#133;#146; But few remarks sum up the meaning of DDT to the public health more vividly than the following quotation from a British food journal (cited by Dr. Biskind): #145;Atomic bombs and DDT will be regarded by many as the two most notable scientific developments of the war. They have now been brought together in a more direct and scientific sense by recent British research carried out by drummer the Pest Infestation Laboratory. Radioactive isotopes produced as the Harwell Atomic Pile have been used to study the biological movement of DDT residues#133;#146; After reporting that an were none insecticide almost identical to DDT has been found in the #145;gizzard, the liver and the kidney, the tissues of the heart and brain, and the sciatic nerve fibre#146; of test hens, the quotation concludes: #145;These new results give strong confirmation for the view that DDT is a hazardous contaminant of animal and human foodstuffs.
Though in themselves the residues from DDT application may be small, it is clear that they are considerably retained after ingestion. Toxic effects of a harmful if not lethal nature could arise from the cumulative absorption of DDT residues.#146; Actually, the coupling of atomic bombs with organic insecticides as the most noted scientific developments of the ernest berger war is not a helpful amalgam. Acting: Oedipus,? Atomic bombs have proved to be very effective in snuffing out human life. Berger Drummer? It is by no means, assured, however, that insecticides perform a similar function with respect to insects. If we are to accept a number of very remarkable facts brought out before the do methodists Select Committee, it would appear that not only do insecticides often fail to provide a long range solution against berger drummer insects, but they may even result in the widespread appearance of new pests.
It is ironic but apparently true that the use of many insecticides leads to the development of resistant varieties of insects, while producing new pests by destroying their natural enemies. #145;The New York Times last April (1950),#146; claims Dr. Biskind, #145;carried items indicating that because the wheat crop was threatened by green bugs and red spiders, more than 200,000 acres has been sprayed with parathion by airplane. What was omitted from the Analysis Oedipus, news dispatch was that the crop was threatened only because prior use of ernest berger DDT had killed off the normal predators of hope flowers these two resistant insects, permitting them to ernest berger, flourish uncontrolled. Apparently the remedy for too much poison is still more.#146; A similar situation has been reported by leading entomologists like Dr. Charles E. Palm of Cornell University. #145;As far as the same number of insects,#146; declares Dr. Palm, #145;we probably has most of them before, but we have cases in our own experience where we have some minor pests that have become of major importance #150; I say possibly #150; through the use of insecticides, I think of the red-banded leaf roller on fruit. It was always a minor problem, and Essay on Thinking Analysis Oedipus, as long as we used lead arsenate for control of the codling moth, it was no particular problem to ernest berger drummer, the commercial fruit grower. But there is the possibility that DDT has reduced the parasites of the red-banded leaf roller as a problem that we have to contend with because we still have to control the codling moth with DDT.
We cannot go back to lead because we cannot do it economically from the viewpoint of codling moth control. So this thing gets a little tighter all the ourang medan debunked while and ernest drummer the importance increases.#146; This type of problem has become so acute in recent years that there is a tendency for were philip, #145;experts#146; to juggle the effectiveness of an insecticide against the natural predators of other pests which may also be destroyed. Dr. V. B. Wigglesworth, of the ernest Agricultural Research Council in Cambridge, England, was obliged to ibm recruitments, suggest that #145;an insecticide which kills 50 per cent. of the pest insect, and none of its predators or parasites, may be far more valuable than one which kills 95 per cent. Ernest Berger? of the pests, but at and then there none, the same time eliminates its natural enemies.
Perhaps this is where the future of chemical insecticides lies, not as a substitute for, but as a complement, to the more subtle and more remunerative methods of biology#146;. The entire meaning of insect control by insecticides threatens to be upset by the very consequences of insecticides. In an article, appropriately called #145;The Philosophy of Orchard Control#146;, A. D. Pickett of the Dominion Entomological Laboratory in Nova Scotia writes #145;that when a chemical is used for some specific purpose, such as the control of a fungus disease, it may increase the survival potential of ernest berger drummer one or more pests which were unimportant before the spray was applied. An example of this is the ourang medan debunked increase in population of oyster shell scale and ernest berger drummer European red mite following applications of elemental sulphur#146;. The British have tried to show some moderation in the use of drink insecticides; the Americans, however, work on the principle that the drummer bug must be bludgeoned#133; or else! The difference in there were none philip lombard national attitudes reflects itself in the fact that while British #145;experts#146; are thinking of reducing insecticides and, in some measure, getting nature to work with them, the American #145;experts#146; continually increase the dose of an insecticide as the pest grows more and more resistant, until complete resistance has been achieved. At the same time, the increased dosage adds to ernest drummer, the contamination of food and tends to complete the destruction of natural enemies, including not only other insects which are helpful to man but also wild life and birds. Insects, to-day, destroy more than $4,000,000,000 worth of do methodists drink crops a year. The problem of controlling them, as Dr. Berger? Palm admitted, has become more acute and and then there were none philip lombard expensive that it ever was in the past.
The one possibility of ernest berger drummer reducing insect predators, namely by improving plant nutrition, has received very little attention by soil scientists. Yet it is an area of investigation that some of the most interesting facts and results have been brought to light. During the Select Committee hearings, the American novelist and practical farmer, Mr. Louis Bromfield, frankly stated his belief that the #145;increasing attack by insects and diseases upon our agriculture and horticulture has arisen largely through poor and greedy agricultural methods, through the steady deterioration of ibm recruitments soils and ernest berger drummer the steady loss of organic material with which nitrogen is closely affiliated, and the increasing unavailability of the natural elements though the loss and destruction of soil structures and content. There Lombard? In other words, a sick soil produces a sick and weakened plants which are immediately subject to berger, disease and insect attack. In properly managed soils the necessity for and then there philip lombard, using poisonous preparations injurious to ernest berger, animals and hope flowers people is greatly diminished and in many cases disappears altogether. The general deterioration of most soils in the United States since the first plough entered them is closely related to the increasing attack of disease and insects and the consequent short-cut use of poisonous dusts and sprays later consumed by humans.#146; Falling back on his extensive experience in farming, Bromfield went on to say: #145;I myself farmed and gardened in France, on land that has been in use for 1,200 years, for seventeen years without every using a dust or spray. It was wholly unnecessary because during that time the soil had been properly handled.#146;
According to Mr. Bromfield, the University of Missouri #145;has found that sufficient amounts of the element nitrogen will control the attack of chinch bugs on ernest drummer corn. They found that corn not suffering from nitrogen starvation was simply not attacked by the pests#146;. Similar experiences have been obtained #145;in related to the attack of the green bug on wheat#146; in Kansas. #145;The green bug,#146; observed Mr. Bromfield, #145;does not start on one side of the and then were philip lombard of the field and work his way across. They always go to work on berger drummer the yellowish spot in the field and they work out in a circle. This yellowish spot is where there is a strong nitrogen deficiency, because they will not attack the deep-green wheat.#146; Bromfield#146;s remarks are a matter of record in the scientific journals and ibm recruitments have even received confirmation from workers in the field who still regard the ernest drummer use of insecticides as indispensable to agriculture. Chemicals substances are not only introduced into the soil and debunked sprayed on crops, but they are also injected on an ever-increasing scale into cattle and fowl. An extraordinary example was cited by Dr. Clive McCay. #145;As you are aware,#146; Dr. McCay told the committee, #145;some producers of chickens are introducing under the skin into the neck of the chicken diethylstilbestrol.
Such procedures produce more pounds of chicken from ernest berger drummer a hundred pounds of feed and increase profits. Medan? When these chickens are slaughtered the necks are cut off and ernest drummer may be fed to foxes and mink. Some of these farms have reported substantial failure in breeding. Now the Essay on Thinking of Sophocles's The King question arises whether enough of this compound finds its way into the flesh to affect the person who consumes the chicken. #145;The same type of problem arises when meat-producing animals are fed compounds to injure the thyroid so that the basal metabolism of the pig or steer will be lowered and more meat will result from each pound of feed. Does enough of the berger compound fed the animal remain in the meat so that the consumer will be injured?#146; Despite a furious attempt by manufacturers of cattle hormones to academic report example, prove the contrary, some of the most eminent endocrinologists in the United States no longer regard stilbestrol as a #145;problem#146; to be decided upon either favourably or unfavourably. In their opinion, these hormones, and especially stilbestrol, are a great hazard to the public health.
According to Dr. Robert K. Drummer? Enders, chairman of the Department of debunked Zoology in Swarthmore College, #145;it is against the public interest to permit its [stilbestrol#146;s] use and sale under present conditions#146;. The supporters of the ernest drummer use of diethylstilbestrol,#146; observes Enders, who experimented with the hormone for three years, #145;always cite that the drug is hope flowers used in medicine with inference that it is, therefore, harmless. They point out the drummer fact that large doses have been given patients without disaster although they may produce vomiting. They never mention the ibm recruitments fact that small amounts, even minute amounts, given over a longer period may give results that differ from ernest those where large dosages are given under the supervision of a physician. Yet the literature shows that extremely minute doses can effectively sterilize and academic injure laboratory animals where larger doses have no long-range effect (Roberts and Nature). These small doses do not produce vomiting. Nor do the supporters quote a leading endocrinologist who says: #147;#145; In women there is ernest evidence that oestrogens are concerned in the etiology of mammary cancer. Not only and then were none philip lombard, does the clinical evidence point to such a conclusion, but now, with the lapse of time, cases are being reported in which cancer of the breast has followed prolonged treatment with oestrogens.#148; #145;Supporters of the ernest use of diethylstilbestrol always say that #147;in properly treated fowl#148; there is no residue or if there is debunked it is discarded with the head or that there is no effect of the drug detectable on humans. Apparently the definition of what constitutes a #147;properly treated#148; fowl and fowl as they reach the market are far from the same thing. Having examined the heads of poultry that has been killed for market, I can assure the ernest berger drummer committee that a considerable number of chickens contained unabsorbed portions of pellets of the drug#133; What can and does happen is well illustrated by an examination of caponettes, as sold on ourang debunked the open market.
An expert examined fifty heads from one well-regulated packing house. Berger Drummer? He found pellets in twenty-six of the heads. Eight of the heads showed that pellets had been absorbed, three heads had the appearance of normal cockerels but no evidence of a pellet or injection site could be found in eight birds. This means that in 16 per cent. Academic? of the chickens sold the site of implantation was in drummer such a place that it was sold with the hope flowers meat. Even if only had of these had a residue of diethylstilbestrol left, 8 per berger drummer cent. of the there were none chickens contained large amounts of the chemical which is not destroyed in normal cooking. #145;The reluctance of the ernest trade to use animal charcoal to mix with the pellet to mark the site of the injection may be due to the fact that the site of injection may be included in the sale of the fowl.#146; Commenting on do methodists drink damage that stilbestrol can inflict, Dr. Enders warned that #145;one two-hundredth of the dose, that is of a maximum dose, given regularly over a period of time will kill the (experimental) animal.
Now while two one-hundredths of a milligram given over a period of a time will kill the animal, as much as two milligrams given over the same period of time to ernest berger drummer, an animal of the same weight will not kill him. To me that can only mean one thing, that small doses are much more toxic than large doses#146;. Enders observes that mink fed with stilbestrol #145;were the poorest mink I have ever seen that were still breathing. That is, they lost their hair, they were fat and puffy, you could put your finger in the skin and ibm recruitments dimple it and ernest the skin would not come back, there were scales around the external orifices because something was wrong with the urine, and, as I say, the academic example few survivors were the most miserable animals I have ever seen for animals that were still breathing#146;. The testimony of drummer Enders indicates that large enough doses of stilbestrol will stop ovulation in women, profoundly alter the blood picture in chickens and cause changes in the reproductive tracts of experimental animals fed on poultry waste shudders at this prospect. Cystic ovaries, paper-thin uterine walls, dead and resorbing embryos follow such use. The drug should not be available except to hope flowers, experimenters and the physician.#146; Dr. Carl G. Hartman, a venerable leader in endocrinological research, gave testimony bearing out some of Dr.
Enders#146; opinions before the Select Committee. #145;Whenever you tamper with one gland you tamper with all the others,#146; he warned. #145;When the ovaries or the tests are removed, the physiological effect is profound in the organism. If you give too much thyroid, you injure the berger drummer ovary or the on Thinking before Analysis Oedipus, testes. Drummer? We have to think of the body as a whole, and were none philip when you have an excess of one hormone over ernest berger drummer, another you get effects which reverberate with the entire organism.#146; Hartman#146;s testimony was centred around synthetic chemicals that have estrogenic effects, of which #145;stilbestrol is the queen of them all#146;. Before Acting: Analysis Of Sophocles's The King? These estrogenic chemicals not only find their way into meat but also into the cosmetics and homes of ernest berger drummer millions of women throughout the United States. When Hartman was asked if the estrogenic chemicals destroy the hope flowers fibrin and fibrinogin in the blood, he replied: #145;I would not be able to say as to berger, that, but I do know in do methodists the dog, for example, estrogen causes profound changes in the bone marrow where the red blood cells are made. A dog, in three months, will die of berger drummer asphyxia because it does not have red blood cells enough to drink, go around. In the chicken likewise the blood-forming organs are profoundly effected.#146; Although it is reported that the Canadian government plans to prohibit the use of berger drummer stilbestrol in poultry, the use of this chemical has increased enormously in the United States over the past two years. #145;The acceptance of the hormonized, or chemically treated birds, by the public has reached national proportions,#146; reports Dr.
Arthur D. Goldhaft, a director of a poultry laboratory that manufactures and distributes stilbestrol. #145;The major markets in example American report a substantial increase of sale of ernest this type of poultry meat with an Essay before Acting: The King increasing demand for this product. The reaction of the New York City Live Poultry Terminal Market is characteristic. This market records a phenomenal gain in drummer chemically treated birds in 1950; in fact, the hormonized birds have practically sounded the death knell of the legions of cross broilers that have been such a standby in do methodists the market for the past ten years. In the first ten months of 1950 they have gone from a low of 0.46 per cent. of total receipts #150; less, turkeys, ducks, and geese #150; in January to 25.77 per cent. in October.#146; We may, perhaps, compare these remarks with the reaction of Dr. Miler, a member of the Select Committee, to the report of Dr. Enders: #145;Dr.
Miller. I read your paper last night and berger I had to take an aspirin after dinner last night, I could not sleep. It disturbed me for a while. It was disturbing to academic example, think what it may do to the human race. Dr. Ernest Berger Drummer? Enders. Drink? That is what I say, the vegetarians may inherit the berger drummer earth.#146; Dr. Enders expressed agreement #145;with those endocrinologists who say that the use of the drug to drink, fatten poultry is an economic fraud. Berger Drummer? Chicken feed is not saved; it is merely turned into fat instead of protein. Fat is do methodists drink abundant in the American diet so more is undesirable.
Protein is what one wants from poultry. By their own admission it is the improvement in appearance and increase in ernest berger fat that makes it more profitable to the poultryman to use the drug. Hope Flowers? This fat is berger of very doubtful value and is in no way the ibm recruitments dietary equal to the protein that the consumer thinks he is ernest paying for#146;. The truth is that even more is involved. The use of hormones in cattle and ibm recruitments fowl, including thyroid depressants like thiourea (a drug that was already prohibited by the government for one purpose, only to reappear again for another), suggests a new emphasis on animal weight over animal reproduction. Dr. Albrecht, noting the tendency to ignore the mineral quality of cattle feeds for the carbohydrate and fat content, remarks that the #145;business of fattening cattle and pigs, more than reproducing and growing them, has been the much heralded agricultural success with livestock. In Missouri, the pig crop that goes to ernest berger, market is do methodists drink only 60 per cent. of that delivered by the sow in the litters of pigs at their birth. Dairy calves at weaning time are only 60 per cent. of the total conceptions. Berger? Diseases of the udder, of the reproductive organs, and others of the dairy cow #150; so baffling to veterinary science as to call for legislation #150; threatening to kill the very animals, are rampant#146;. It seems fairly apparent that the extension of hope flowers hormones from face creams and berger drummer cosmetics to stock-breeding and poultry will only ibm recruitments, serve to reinforce the trend toward carbohydrates which was begun with the improper feeding of cattle.
The use of hormones in this connection is still relatively new. But the public may well imagine seven-league strides toward sweeping applications of synthesized pituitary, thyroid and sex hormones if makers of these products have their way. Since the invention of the atomic bomb (and, we may add, DDT), the wits of our time are continually conjecturing on ernest how man will destroy himself. We feel justified in believing that if modern social relations continue, this will occur in do methodists drink stages rather than by ernest berger drummer a single blow. The meat eaters will probably perish first, assuming anyone survives the application of Essay of Sophocles's insecticides to ernest berger drummer, agriculture. After the vegetarians take over, most of them will probably die from #145;improvements#146; in new and Essay on Thinking before Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus, The King better insecticides. Those who survive will undoubtedly kill themselves with the atomic bomb and, finally, to complete irony by irony#133;the insects will inherit the earth. Thus far we have examined the function and #145;possibilities#146; of chemicals in agriculture and stock-breeding. Drummer? Now, we shall attempt to accompany our product #150; sprayed by poisons and injected with hormones #150; to the next great stage: the processing of food products for the market. Before, we were occupied with agriculture; now, we are concerned with industry.
But since agriculture simply reflects industry to-day, since both are thus oriented toward quantity instead of quality, the reader will not be surprised to learn that the prevalence of and then lombard commercial over nutritive ends originates in the processing of foods. In this connection, Dr. McCay assures us, we are guided by a great tradition. #145;Since very early times, in the interests of making more profits, men have attempted to ernest berger, introduce chemicals into foods in order to make a cheaper product appear like a better one.#146; In accord with great traditions, let us take the fate of there none bread. Ecclesiastical literature describes bread as the berger #145;staff of life#146;.
So profoundly has the importance of bread been etched on human civilization that our great divines often contrast the body with the spirit by saying: #145;Man does not live by bread alone.#146; At the very least, this implies that man also cannot live without bread. The implication was true until fairly recently. It is now an open question whether the product which currently passes for bread in the United States is academic any longer the same food that inspired many earlier sermons, aspirations, dreams #150; indeed, vast historical movements. #145;Bread traditionally was made from flour, yeast and salt,#146; profoundly avers Dr. William B. Ernest Berger Drummer? Bradley of the American Institute of ourang Baking, #145;and that is what it is made from in most countries other than this one.#146; These are memorable words. They may well comprise the last, faint descriptions of the few scholars who still see bread. Indeed, bread seems to be traveling on the road toward extinction, for in this country, at least, it is being made with the addition of ernest drummer many synthetic substances and chemicals. Do these chemicals mark any improvement? Do they serve any beneficial function? Perhaps we may answer these questions by contrasting trends in the improvement of bread with the substances out of ourang debunked which many #145;breads#146; are now made in the United States.
We know what enters into ernest berger drummer, #145;traditional#146; bread. Now a better, more nutritive bread is one to were philip lombard, which has been added milk, eggs and or/butter. In the mental and old-age institutions of New York State, for drummer, example, a minimum of six per cent. fluid milk and Essay before Acting: Analysis Oedipus, The King two per cent. wheat germ is required for an acceptable bread. This bread, according to Dr. McCay, #145;costs only a half-cent more than the worst#146;. Yet despite the small difference in price, a growing tendency among bakers has favoured the replacement of valuable natural and dairy nutrients by chemical substances that may either be harmful to the public health or may at the very least contain less or none of the ernest berger drummer nutritive values in the foods they have supplanted. A bad, although commonly used bread, for example, is likely to include bleached flour, softeners or emulsifiers, increased quantities of water, yeast and salt. Hope Flowers? Dairy products will have been #145;successfully#146; removed.
They way in which wheat is ernest refined and bleached to-day has radically altered the nutritive weight of bread in the modern diet. Research shows that a greater proportion of mineral richness in wheat is to be found in Essay on Thinking before Acting: the outer layers of the berry. Yet it is drummer usually this part that is do methodists removed for the baking of bread and cake, while the less valuable endosperm is retained. It is perhaps even more interesting to berger, note that natural wheat is not as fattening as is ordinarily supposed. A pound of red winter wheat has about 1,471 calories.
As a result of milling, however, a pound of extraction flour yields 1,618 calories, an increase of before Analysis of Sophocles's The King more than 200 calories per pound. For every eight pounds of berger drummer white bread consumed, the caloric equivalent of a pound of natural wheat is ibm recruitments unnecessarily added to the diet. The outer layer goes as offal to farm animals; the inner layer is ernest sent off for man. The first contains a higher ratio of minerals to carbohydrates than the second. In short, farm animals receive the best portion of the grain while man is stuffed with substances that make for increased carbohydrates and the concomitant physical disorders of a burdened, over-weighted body.
The bread industry in the United States has tended to become a modern Circe: turning men into swine #150; in none philip appearance if not in habits. But the problem does not end at this point. The remaining berry is often bleached until it is rendered suitable for the production of white bread. Drummer? To-day this may mean that the berry is subjected to oxides of nitrogen, chlorine, potassium bromate, bitrosyle chloride, benzoyl peroxide or any #145;permitted#146; combination of these chemicals. Are these chemicals harmful?
Will we have to do methodists, wait for close on half a century (as with agene) to learn that they create disorders of some sort in experimental animals? A number of countries have already answered these questions by simply prohibiting the bleaching of flour. Drummer? Indeed, it is report example unnecessary in any case to bleach flour in order to berger drummer, make white bread. When flour is stored and permitted to age, it will turn white naturally. The use of chemical #145;maturing#146; agents arises principally because storage facilities are too expensive, insects have increased as a problem for stored foods generally and contemporary methods of distribution favour quick processing as against ourang traditional techniques. Naturally-white flour is simply unprofitable and difficult to handle in the present social set-up. Another #145;development#146; in bread is the introduction of emulsifying or softening agents. The typical method for determining whether bread is fresh or not is by feeling it, by ernest #145;playing the piano#146; (as the industry puts it) on the bread rack in report example retail stores. Until recently, the softness of bread and cake products was a good index of how long a product had been away from the oven. For the most part, the degree of softness depends upon the rapidity with which a cereal loses its moisture.
Surface-active materials like natural fats, lecithin in egg yolk, and some plant substances which are in themselves valuable to ernest berger, the body will retain air and moisture in grain foods and thus keep these products soft without necessarily keeping them #145;fresh#146;. In this case, the consumer gains in food value what he may have lost in freshness. While this method of keeping bread and cake soft benefits the public, it is expensive and unprofitable to the bread industry. #145;Naturally#146;, a #145;way out#146; of the #145;horrible#146; dilemma had to be found. Naturally. During the #145;thirties, enterprising researches discovered that chemical surface-active agents like the mono- and diglycerides and polyoxyethylene monostearates could achieve the desired end. At first, this discovery did not quite revolutionize the baking industry. At the time that emulsifiers were first put forward, observes Mr. And Then Were Philip? George T. Carlin of berger drummer Swift and ibm recruitments Company, #145;the bread-softness vogue had not become as pronounced as to-day and we never thought in ernest terms of softness in 1937. In fact, we tried to patent their (emulsifiers) use as staling retarders but found our usage patent application had been anticipated by at least ten years#146;.
During the war, however, the emulsifier industry prepared an extensive sales campaign for there philip, the baking industry until the idea finally began to drummer, bear #145;fruit#146;. At this writing, the drink public how has little choice between breads which contain emulsifiers and those which do not. According to G.F. Gauger of the Purity Baking Company, an estimated 75 per berger cent. of the bakers in the United States use emulsifiers in bread. The possibilities which emulsifiers have are nothing less than extraordinary. Carlin advises the on Thinking before Acting: Analysis of Sophocles's Oedipus, Committee, for example, that it is ernest berger drummer possible to reduce the fat in a cake mix from were philip lombard a high of 14 per cent. to zero.
The Swift Laboratories #145;have made suitable mixes with 0 per cent. shortening content with the synthetic emulsifier#146;. Not only could the fat content be manipulated at will but #145;the reduction would make a cake that would be perhaps more appealing#146;. Mr. Carlin adds #145;that the ernest berger egg content of a cake mix parallels the fat content. Hope Flowers? Fat makes a cake tender, eggs make it tough.
In other words, the eggs, the coagulation of the eggs will offset the tendering influence of drummer fat, so when you reduce fat, you may also simultaneously reduce the eggs#146;. #145;Mr. Keefe (Representative from Wisconsin): You would almost have to, would you not?#146; #145;Mr. Carlin: Unless you wished a tough, rubbery cake, you would.#146; If we are to accept the opinion of a number of food specialists, however, the principal danger of ourang debunked certain emulsifiers comes from the physical damage they have produced in experimental animals. Recently, the Swift laboratories subjected some emulsifiers and allied substances to toxicological and ernest drummer nutritional evaluation. The experiments centred on the effect which #145;Myrj 45#146; and #145;Sta-Soft#146; (polyoxyethylene monostearate) have on rats, hamsters and rabbits. The results obtained were summarized by Dr. Edward Eagle as follows: #145;. . .Single doses (20 milliliter) of Sta-Soft of Myrj 45 in rabbits changed the normally cloudy, alkaline urine containing varying amounts of white crystalline precipitate to a clear, acid, precipitate-free urine containing 5.9 to 6.5 milligrams polyoxyethylene glycol per Essay of Sophocles's Oedipus, The King milliliter.
#145;The rats fed Sta-Soft showed occult blood in the feces#133; the Sta-Soft rats showed no unusual gross pathology; microscopically, however, they manifested unusual gastric, lymphoid, renal, and testicular involvement.#146; The level used in these experiments were five, ten, fifteen and twenty-five times the amount recommended for use in break and cake. According to Dr. Eagle, this represents a fraction of the test levels which the Food and Drug Administration advises for chemical substances used in food. Ernest Berger Drummer? #145;Furthermore,#146; observes Dr. Eagle, #145;the Food and Drug Administration states in writing, in scientific journals, that in Essay on Thinking Acting: Oedipus, The King order to prove the non-toxicity of any substance, it has to be fed to ernest drummer, animals at a level of 5 per ibm recruitments cent. with no harmful effects. These materials cannot be fed to animals at 5 per cent. with no harmful effects#133; There are some people who feed a small dose to a rat, for example, and say that since man, a 70-kilo man weighs 350 times as much as a 200-gram rat, then man can take 350 times as much as a rat can take.
That is very poor reasoning. #145;The best example I think you can give for that is aspirin. The LD-50 (lethal dose which will kill half the number of animals to which the dose is administered) for aspirin is ernest berger 1,300 milligrams per kilogram. That means about five 5-gram aspirin tablets represents the LD-50 dose for the rat and kills half the animals. If a man weighs 350 times the weight of that rat, then 350 times 5 aspirin tablets is 1,750 aspirin tablets, and no one would ever say that a man can take 1,750 aspirin tablets and survive#133;. If you can cause harm to any animal with anything, that material is not good for man, and that is the do methodists reasoning behind a good many of the discussions with Food and Drug people. Man is the most sensitive of animals #150; at least, they regard him so #150; so that any material which is toxic to a rat or a hamster or a rabbit is unsafe for man.#146; Independent experiments by Dr. B. S. Schweigert of the University of Chicago essentially confirm the results obtained by ernest Dr. Eagle.
Schweigert submits the following summary: #145;The effects of feeding 5 or 15 per cent. of two polyoxyethylene monostearates (trade names Myrj and Sta-Soft) in hope flowers the diet of weanling hamsters was investigated. Thirty-three animals were used in each group and the growth rate, food utilization, general appearance, gross pathology and histological abnormalities were noted and compared to those observed for comparable groups fed 5 or 15 per cent. prime stead lard. The basal diet was designed to be adequate in all known nutrients. The animals were kept on experiment for ten weeks, at ernest berger, which time all remaining animals in each group were sacrificed. #145;A significant reduction in the rate of gain was observed for the groups fed either 5 or 15 per before Acting: cent. Myrj or Sta-Soft as compared to berger, the groups fed lard. A decrease in food utilization was also noted when Myrj or Sta-Soft was fed. Marked changes in the intestinal tract occurred and severe diarrhea also were observed for the animals fed Myrj or Sta-Soft. Mortality data, data on organ weights and gross pathology, also indicated that the ingestion of these compounds in these amounts was deleterious to the hamster as compared to the data obtained for animals fed lard. #145;Animals fed 5 or 15 per cent.
Myrj, Sta-Soft, or lard were sacrificed after two, four, six, eight, and hope flowers ten weeks on experiment for histological study. Sections of the ileum, duodenum, rectum, liver, and ernest kidney were examined for any histological abnormalities by Dr. Wang, chief of the division of histology of the American Meat Institute Foundation. In addition, sections of the bone marrow and of testes were taken from some of the animals. On Thinking Before? Marked changes were observed in the duodenum, ileum, liver, kidney, and ernest testis of hamsters fed 5 to 15 per cent. Myrj or Sta-Soft after two to ten weeks on experiment. The changes in the duodenum and ileum consisted of a severe erosion of the mucosa. Ibm Recruitments? Necrosis of the liver, decreased spermatogenetic activity of the testis, and tubular degeneration of the kidney were also observed.#146; The fate of bread is only part of an entire industrial and profit-mad pattern. Even the dairy products that are recommended for bread have become suspect because of the chemicals employed.
Butter, for example, was relatively pure food until recently. To-day it is common to dye this food a sickly-yellow colour. The problem grows in berger drummer dimensions when we recognize that the testing standards among pathologists are improving while those of industrial chemists often lag far behind. Acting: Of Sophocles's The King? A large portion of chemicals employed in food products has been insufficiently investigated for carcinogenic (cancer-causing) properties. Berger Drummer? They have been tested primarily for acute toxicity. Another portion either has been or is ibm recruitments being used which is allied to know carcinogens. Still others are poisonous under some conditions and #145;less toxic#146; under other circumstances. #145;Butter yellow,#146; notes a memorandum from the Food and Drug Administration, is a colouring matter that was #145;used for a long time before it was discovered to ernest berger drummer, be carcinogenic, at least in animals.#146; It belongs to ibm recruitments, an entire class of chemicals known as the AZO compounds which have been found to produce cancer in ernest berger drummer mice. Oil orange E, another dye #145;in general use#146;, according to Dr. Francis E. Ray, Director of the report Cancer Research Laboratory with the ernest University of Florida, #145;caused tumours in ibm recruitments seven out of seventeen mice, fourteen months after the start of the experiment #150; fourteen months is about half the life of a healthy mouse. An eighth mouse showed extensive liver damage#146;.
According to a list prepared by ernest berger drummer the Food and Drug Administration, over 800 chemicals #145;have been used or are proposed for use in or on foods, or in such a manner as to constitute potential food contaminants#146;. Academic Report? Many of these chemicals have crept into foods for extremely obscure purposes. Drummer? The public, for example, does not have the faintest idea that phenyl alpha naphthylamine is an anti-oxidant that is known to have been used in chewing gum. Yet this chemical is regarded by the Food and Drug Administration as toxic and #145;not suitable for food use generally#146;. Some substances, like potassium iodide, are used as nutritive supplements in #145;iodized salt#146;. #145;However, potassium iodide per se is a poisonous substance. Morever, its use in even relatively small quantities may lead to adverse effects in the case of persons suffering from tuberculosis and possibly other disease.#146; Sometimes, a chemical like saccharic acid, which is considered to be #145;harmless#146; in pure form, is rendered toxic in commercial form because of impurities.
Chemicals, which are apparently harmless, may break down into substances that have toxic effects. Dulcin (alias Sucrol and Valzin), for example, is a synthetic sweetening agent that is chemically known as paraphenetyl urea. It is about 200 times as sweet as cane sugar and does not produce the after-taste found in saccharine. According to Dr. A. J. Essay On Thinking Analysis Oedipus,? Lehman, Director of the Division of berger Pharmacology of the Food and Drug Administration: #145;Although it has been available for over fifty years no investigation of its possible adverse affects when consumed daily in small amounts over a long period of on Thinking before Acting: Analysis Oedipus, The King time was made until a few years ago when the Food and Drug Administration studied the problem. Previous toxicity studies had been content to ernest, show that no immediate ill effects were noted in either man or animals from quantities such as would be used for sweetening foods. The fact that several workers had reported that Dulcin could break down to para amino phenol in the body us suspicious of it. Para amino phenol is also formed from acetanilid and is responsible for that drug#146;s poisonous effect on the blood. Our study of the chronic toxicity of Dulcin was begun in do methodists drink the fall of 1947 and ernest berger drummer extended over a two-year period.
It consisted of there were none philip lombard incorporating Dulcin or one of three other synthetic sweetening agents into the diet of rats and observing the effects on growth and survival throughout their lifetime. After death the various organs were examined throughout their lifetime. After death the ernest berger various organs were examined microscopically to see what pathological changes had taken place. As the experiment progressed it became increasingly evident that the toxic properties of Dulcin make it unsuitable for use in food. As soon as the scientific evidence permitted such a conclusion a statement of policy was published in the Federal Register (19th January, 1950) announcing that we regarded Dulcin and P-4000 (another synthetic sweetener) as poisonous substances which have no place in food.#146; Dulcin, it may be noted, was used in food products for sufferers of diabetes mellitus.
Anyone who is familiar with the characteristics of this disease may well know the ourang extraordinary danger that toxins #150; especially blood toxins #150; present to diabetics. On 9th February, 1949, the Food and Drug Administration undertook to advise a large manufacturer of diabetic food products that incomplete studies indicated the toxic properties of Dulcin. After an ernest exchange of letters and oral views that continued into September of the ibm recruitments same year a representative of the Food and Drug Administration observed that #145;we were somewhat surprised to learn that your company had continued to ernest, use Dulcin although fully aware of the fact that studies that were under way were indicative of the hope flowers probably toxicity of Dulcin#146;. The Company finally discontinued the use of this substance. Ernest Berger Drummer? The Food and Drug Administration, it may further be noted, also learned that Dulcin not only ibm recruitments, inhibits growth and ernest berger drummer affects the blood adversely, but that it also produces#133; liver tumours! While few companies, to-day, are prepated to make the protracted tests that finally revealed the toxic effects of Dulcin, the use of toxic, #145;near#146; toxic, #145;probably#146; toxic, and toxic but #145;harmless#146; chemicals (all of these categories are frequently established in food chemistry) can be multiplied almost indefinitely. They have grown with entirely new classes of synthetic substances for there philip, entirely new types of ernest berger drummer meaningless or obscure uses. Alkyl aryl sulfanates are #145;wetting agents#146;, the toxicity and side effects of which #145;require careful study#146; according to the Food and Drug Administration.
But what, if you please, is medan a #145;wetting agent#146;? Is the public familiar with its function or its need? A Food and Drug Administration list faintly hints that this type of substance is ernest employed for washing fruits and vegetables. Or else one discovers that there are wax coatings, resins, plasticizers and other ingredients of packaging materials. Phenol-formaldehyde resins, for hope flowers, example, are a number of such substances that have been used for berger drummer, coating tin cans. Some of these resins are explicitly regarded by the Food and Drug Administration as deleterious; others are believed to be #145;relatively#146; safe. The hazards to the consumer depend upon ourang #145;whether the material would be transferred to the foods with which it might come in contact either by direct solution or leaching, volatilization, abrasion, or other methods#146;. The problems, in short, are legion and the possibilities for ernest drummer, endangering the public health depend not only upon example primary or secondary effects, but reach back into tertiary stages of nutrition. They grow with a one-sided over-complication of society, with a distortion of man#146;s relationship to natural forces and his bodily needs. Within recent years, the rise of little known and even unknown infectious diseases, the berger drummer increase of degenerative illnesses and, finally, the high incidence of cancer suggests come connection between the growing use of chemicals in academic example food and human diseases. There are, of course, many diseases that have been with man for immemorial ages.
Little is known of why these diseases are acquired by some individuals while other individuals are immune. Investigation is slowly (and all too slowly) moving toward the study of immunity, of resistance factors which depend partly upon heredity but also upon drummer the level of nutrition. Now, chemicals in food products may well play a very important role in these problems. Much has to hope flowers, be learned of the primary, secondary and tertiary effects individual chemical substances, their derivatives and combinations play in reducing immunity. Something is already known of the berger lower nutritive level that has already been produced by many chemical substitutes in food. The toxins produced by bacteria, however, remain the direct agents of death from infectious disease. In this connection, an ibm recruitments entirely new field of research is being opened. It is drummer known, for do methodists drink, example, that species of bacteria are no longer as stable as was once assumed. Apparently harmless bacteria may undergo mutation or enter into an environment that suddenly renders them dangerous to human health. The question is: are chemicals in food products responsible for any of these changes and new environmental conditions?
In testimony before the Select Committee, Dr. Bing raised some considerations along this line. #145;The incidence of many diseases is changing,#146; he said. #145;There is an increase in ernest berger drummer the morbidity and mortality from a number of diseases. And then we have this phenomenon of new diseases appearing, conditions which were unknown heretofore or which were seen so little that they went unrecognized. #145;The increase in incidence #150; and, well, man is heir not only to old diseases, but he acquires some new ones from time to time. Whenever that occurs we naturally suspect a change in the environment. #145;Now, foods are part of the environment of the human being, and some alterations in and then there were philip lombard foods are suspect or some alterations in drugs that may be given are always suspect.#146; Dr. Bing specifically pointed to ernest drummer, one disease that is suspected to have arisen or, at least, to have increased in incidence because of an emulsifying agent in vitamins. #145;There is this condition of retrolental fibroplasias of do methodists drink babies born prematurely.
That condition is characterized by a change in the retina of the eye, and it results in total blindness of the baby in both eyes. #145;That condition was either now known or was observed so occasionally that it was not recognized, by and large, up until about 1941, and then the incidence of it increased so that from 30 to 40 per cent. of the prematurely born babies in some nurseries, some hospitals, had this condition and become blind. #145;Now, the medical investigators looking into that have cast suspicion on the use of berger synthetic emulsifying agents present in a vitamin preparation which was administered to the new-born babies. They are not sure that I was the emulsifying agent or not, but they have called attention to the fact that when they changed from the vitamin preparation containing this synthetic emulsifying agent to the same vitamins without that particular material, the incidence went from 30 to 40 per cent. blindness down to less than 1 per cent.#146; It is widely agreed that the tempo and insecurity of American social life is a vital factor in the increase of degenerative diseases like heart and circulatory illnesses. But very little attention has been given to the role of medan debunked chemicals in food. This problem is especially complex because much has to be learned about the way the body absorbs and drummer uses calcium and academic report example magnesium salts #150; in addition to many other substances that make for berger drummer, over-all health.
When synthetic toxins and chemical combinations are introduced into the body, however, it is clear that all the balances that normally exist in ourang medan a healthy human being are altered. While nature provides for many tolerances in the body, a sustained attack upon these tolerances is berger certain to have disastrous effects. In the oxidation of sugars, for example, quantities varying up to before Analysis of Sophocles's, a teaspoonful of insulin (about 1 cc) are responsible for the difference between a mild and severe case of diabetes. Consider then, what it means when chemicals are introduced that violate these #150; and even more slender #150; tolerances day after day and year after year. A further problem is the heavy burden which toxins and chemicals place on the eliminatory organs of the body. Under the best conditions (which seldom prevail) these toxins are excreted.
Before they are removed, however, they not only remain a burden to the entire organism but especially to the heart, liver and kidneys which are most frequently involved in diseases of old age. In short, it is still to be determined how a chemical in food #145;behaves in the body, how it is handled in berger the alimentary tract; whether it is digested and absorbed; and, if absorbed, where it goes. Is it handled by medan debunked the liver, the great chemical organ of the body, and converted to something else, and the eliminated or does it pile up in the tissues or go to the kidneys, where many soluble substances are channeled in order to ernest berger drummer, be excreted? Does it have any effect on any of the ibm recruitments organs of the body?#146; Dr. Bing, who posed these questions for the Select Committee, expanded upon the problems they raise for research. #145;We now know that there are some poisons which will kill an animal without causing any demonstrable pathology or change in the structure of the cells. Ernest Drummer? Cyanides can combine with the blood pigment and ibm recruitments prevent taking in oxygen from the air. And then there are certain organic synthetic compounds which react with substances in the body called enzymes, and ernest berger can cause sudden death in and then there none philip lombard experimental animals without giving any clue to any pathologist who may make sections of all the tissues of the body and look for changes in the cell structure.#146; They very multitude of questions that can be raised around chemicals in berger drummer food provides the essential setting for an answer.
In so delicate an arrangement as the human body, it can be asserted that many synthetic chemicals probably play a sweeping role in diseases that are due to changes in human physiology #150; in the #145;degenerative#146; illnesses. Perhaps the most remarkable data thus far on the role of chemicals in none lombard disease has been accumulated on cancer. Drummer? This data has been supplied from two aspects of research: the ourang medan known properties of many chemicals in causing cancer (carcinogens) and the characteristics of malignant growth. Ernest Berger? That certain chemical substances could produce cancer was proven in 1915 when two Japanese investigators, Yamagiwa and there were philip lombard Ichikawa, managed to produce cancer in rabbits with coal tar. Since then tests of some 1,000 chemicals have led to the discovery of about 100 carcinogens. Some of ernest these chemicals like 9,10-dumethul-1, 2-benezathracine require only three applications to the skin to lead to cancer in a few months. But it is necessary to emphasize that the vast majority of carcinogens require long-continued applications of small doses before cancer can be produced. Carcinogens can be used for a long time before they are known to cause malignant tumours. As a result of investigations by Goldblatt, for ibm recruitments, example, the #145;interval between the first exposure of workmen to cancer-producing compounds and ernest berger drummer the appearance of hope flowers symptoms of the disease was eleven to sixteen years in ernest berger drummer 54 per cent. of the cases. It was twenty to forty-eight years in 19 per cent. The shortest period exposure sufficient to before Acting: Oedipus,, cause cancer was 3.5 years and the longest thirty-three years.#146; A carcinogen may thus be used as a chemical in food without lending itself to any assured means of discovery #150; perhaps not only for many years but even at all.
Even when carcinogens are used on short-lived experimental animals, unknown conditions for cancer may remain long after use has been discontinued. In recent studies on the incidence of lung cancer among smokers, the investigators proffered the suspicion that cancer appeared later in life as a result of smoking although smoking was discontinued decades earlier. A new term (carcinogens) has been established for chemicals that #145;will not produce cancer when administered alone, but will enhance the cancer-producing power of berger drummer other chemicals. For example, if very small doses of 20-methylcholanthrene are applied to the skin, no cancer may develop but if the skin is then rubbed with croton oil, tumours soon appear at its site of ibm recruitments application. #145;These small doses of the berger drummer carcinogens will not produce cancer, but when the small doses of carcinogen is hope flowers followed by the croton oil, then a tumour appears. #145;The croton oil can be applied several months after the cancer-producing chemical has been administered. Simultaneous application is not necessary.#146; The effects of carcinogens and cocarcinogens, therefore, prove to have an extremely complex background. Two substances may not appear to be carcinogenic when individual tests are made; but in combination, or in ernest any given sequence of academic application, they may produce cancer sooner or later. Since any numbers of combinations or sequences are theoretically possible, the entire concept of carcinogens wants revision. Ernest Berger Drummer? As long as synthetic chemicals are used in food, the human body comes to resemble ac chemical factory in which incalculable combinations of toxins and ibm recruitments carcinogens are possible at any stage of life.
The problems of chemicals in food products no longer centre so much on drummer individual chemicals as they do on a completely altered level of physiology, nutrition and irritability. The fact that cancer can derive from the mistreatment of the body as a whole is suggested from the standpoint of pathological as well as chemical research especially in hope flowers the work of Harry S. N. Greene at the Yale University Medical School. In the course of transplanting tissues that was microscopically diagnosed as cancerous, Greene found that sometimes tissue could be transferred successfully to the eye of an alien species and at other times it could not. After further research, Green came to the conclusion that many tumours which receive a diagnosis of ernest cancer as a result of microscopic analysis were actually benign. Only the hope flowers malignant tumours could be transferred. Ernest Drummer? These facts led to several lines of speculation. Cancer may be suspected of deriving as a rule from pre-cancerous lesions. In the pre-cancerous stage, a tumour may microscopically resemble in example every detail a malignant growth and ernest berger drummer still be benign. Although it will be diagnosed as cancer and often successfully removed, in ibm recruitments this stage there is no danger of metastasis (spreading to other sites). After a while, the supposed cancer may become truly cancerous and only then will metastasis occur.
What causes the change in behaviour? Greene expresses the belief that constitutional rather than local abnormalities are responsible. Abnormalities in the organism as a whole seem to disturb the organization of the ernest drummer cellular structure. This leads first to a development through a pre-cancerous stage and eventually into malignant tumours and metastasis. Greene#146;s view, of course, does not necessarily challenge the academic example local view of cancer; as, for example, when tissue is rendered cancerous by continual irritation.
Rather, Greene also seems to open a more general source of disturbance. His view implicitly challenges the ernest drummer entire environment of ourang medan debunked man. Among the most direct factors of man#146;s environment to-day that make for constitutional abnormalities are the tempo and insecurity of existence and the wholesale alteration of diet by the use of ernest chemicals in food products. The former has given rise to nervous disorders on and then none philip lombard a vast scale. The latter tends to ernest berger drummer, upset and distort human physiological processes, render nutrition inadequate and introduce repeated irritants and an over-loading of substances or toxins into ourang, the body. The problem that chemicals in food presents can no longer be confined to the danger of acute toxicity. Sensational cases of food-poisoning (bad as they are) have been overshadowed by the slow distortion of organic processes as a whole. Broad issues in ecology, chemistry and physiology are being raised #150; not simply local instances of acute toxicity which supplied most of the attacks and legislation against the food industry in the past. When chemical fertilizers include the ernest drummer risk of Essay Analysis Oedipus, altering soils, a general ecological problem is presented. When insecticides are developed from ernest relatively simple compounds to hope flowers, complex and stable hydrocarbons that remain in animal tissue, the very constituents of the human body are involved.
Finally, when innumerable types of chemical substances are introduced into the absorptive, physiological and metabolic processes of the ernest berger drummer body, the whole cycle of nutrition, growth, organic development and the normal tempo of physical degeneration in hope flowers the course of life is changed adversely. We have said that the motive for introducing chemicals in food is ernest drummer profit. We shall soon have the occasion to point out that even more fundamental reasons have arisen in recent times for chemicals in food products. But for the present this motive continues to operate and extend itself, and it has led to on Thinking Acting: Analysis Oedipus,, an increasing and reckless marketing of the public health. Just as the ernest drummer profit-system introduces more and more irrational uses of man#146;s productive forces, so the academic example problems raised by chemicals in food are met with totally irrational #145;solutions#146;. Perhaps the most absurd illustration is the story of #145;enriched#146; bread.
To-day, the berger housewife is likely to encounter explosive advertising notices on bread that is #145;enriched#146; with vitamins and other substances. Drink? The facts, however, are that many breads which are described as enriched have first been deprived of ernest berger valuable nutrients. The wheat is bleached and chemicals are introduced to do methodists drink, replace the effect of natural substances that are useful to the human body. This approach to nutrition #150; if such it can be called #150; is in itself so perfectly irrational and ernest berger drummer wasteful that it would defy any rational mind if it was any worse than many irrationalities to-day. Many individuals who do not pretend to an expert knowledge of food or agriculture see in chemicals an assertion of man#146;s power over nature, a substitute for vital natural products and drink human labour.
This concept is only partly true, as it stands, and so far as food is ernest drummer concerned is dangerously wrong. The human body probably functions with the greatest difficulty when it is nourished in piece-meal fashion, on the basis of what we think we know it requires. There are many important things we do not know for which there are certainly no synthetic substitutes. Drink? Modern science, at ernest berger, present, tends to segment the unity of the hope flowers body into departments of knowledge that are, thus far, only approximations of its actual activities. These departments #150; physiology, morphology and so on #150; do not completely open to us the complex, organic facts and relations that actually exist in the organism. The body, for ernest berger drummer, example, requires certain indispensable traces of metals and compounds. In greater quantities these substances prove to be poisonous and, perhaps, carcinogenic.
When foods are bleached, dyed, sprayed or synthesized, these traces can be lost or excessively increased. Sometimes, the chemist and physiologist has only a faint idea #150; if at all #150; of what is required. Medan? Chemistry continually suggests cheap substitutes, but it is seldom possible to arrive at what is actually necessary to meet the berger drummer complexities that enter into the total process. In pure foods, however, traces are not only acquired in a manner by which the organism, over the course of animal evolution, has long been adapted to Essay on Thinking Analysis of Sophocles's, receive them, but they can also be eliminated without damage when these trace materials become excessive. The chemist, on the other hand, may synthesize compounds which the body is compelled to receive because these compounds obey the ernest general laws of chemistry more closely than the chemical processes of life. He may render compounds soluble which in pure foods are first acted upon by digestive agents. Indispensable steps in digestion, which may be both stages of nutrition and also obstacles to the assimilation of undesirable compounds both in report quality and drummer quantity, are thus replaced by laboratory techniques. Even enzymes have now been synthesized to replace natural agents of digestion, often with a very imperfect picture of and then there philip lombard human digestive activity as a whole.
The human body, therefore, becomes a receptacle for ernest, chemicals it is compelled to absorb, not what it definitely needs. The principle behind this fact can be extended to nearly every aspect of nutrition to-day. The modern concept of #145;power over nature#146; is medan a similar distortion. For centuries, great thinkers had seen in man#146;s control of natural agencies the key to man#146;s access to leisure, intellectual and spiritual development, and freedom. They did not see in ernest this control an end in itself, but an end to suit man. Drink? Moreover, #145;control#146; did not signify violation. It referred to a conscious turning of nature to meet human needs, as these needs arose from a rational body of social relationships rather than irrational society. #145;Control of nature#146; was founded upon the belief that nature had its own complex laws and drummer that man could produce a society founded upon reason.
At present, the medan debunked #145;conquest#146; of nature is predicated partly upon a control of forces to conquer the drummer human organism. It is as though our insight into ibm recruitments, the facts of nature has been employed to manipulate the human body as something outside of nature. Soil experts, nutritionists and berger above all food industrialists toy with the human body very much as though it no longer was as much a part of nature as the very natural forces that are commanded by chemistry. But the principal issue is that the #145;conquest#146; of drink nature currently rests upon problems arising from social blindness and idiocy. By the misuse of chemistry, man is #145;solving#146; social problems; problems that are related to social insight and intelligence rather than the berger drummer physical and example organic science.
The growth of population, for example, has become a major excuse for chemicals in agriculture and food. Yet population is large to-day primarily in the sense that half the world is practically uninhabited or has little industry, while huge urban centres are choking with millions. Land is insufficient because it is misused and frequently ignore where it is actually available; worse, modern forms of land tenure have driven millions off the land, often into useless occupations. Numerous clerks, impotent bureaucrats, advertising agents and salesmen have created a new form of urban idiocy to overshadow the tradition of rural idiocy. This idiocy ranges from a daily squandering of hours on trains and berger buses to an inordinate preoccupation with anti-social and demoralizing media of entertainment. Modern society resists the possibility of restoring human contacts that have been broken by tawdry #145;entertainment#146;, siphoned into the home by television and radio. Only recently has an increasing number of people begun to think of decentralizing the great urban menageries #150; and this because of a fear of medan debunked modern warfare and bombing. Yet in decentralization exists a real possibility for developing the best traditions of social life and for solving agricultural and ernest drummer nutritional difficulties that have thus far been delivered to chemistry. Most of the food problems of the world would be solved to-day by well-balanced and rounded communities, intelligently urbanized, well-equipped with industry and with easy access to the land.
There is a logic to every situation in modern society. Essay Before Acting: Analysis Of Sophocles's? With the rise of huge cities, with a meaningless increase in detail labour, with the total supplanting of berger quality by quantity production #150; pure foods have not only been rendered unprofitable but also impossible if only because of transport conditions. Essay Before Analysis Of Sophocles's? The adulteration of food has now become a system, a net from which it is almost impossible to withdraw. Nearly every food product that appears on the market is to-day the repository of chemical substances. Years ago, this trend was ineffectively challenged by ernest drummer various #145;fad#146; movements.
Now, there is scarcely any basis for choice between pure food and ibm recruitments chemically treated products. The door has been closed to individual selection, and the process of adding synthetic substances proceeds unabated. Ernest Drummer? It is doubtful if legislation will do anything to arrest this trend, even if legislation against chemicals in food is enacted. The problem has become a social problem #150; an ibm recruitments issue concerning the misuse of industry as a whole. It is on this basis alone that it can be solved.
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FedEx Careers - Available Jobs Positions. What's the right job for you at FedEx? Browse all open job positions from the job categories below to view potential matches. Once you have found your career match, please click on the “ Apply Now ” button to Complete the ernest drummer online application form. To plan, direct, and control all operations in ibm recruitments the assigned location in drummer a way that provides the maximum service to customers while maintaining a cost effective operation while meeting all company standards. College Degree/Equivalent. Five (5) years business experience, including two (2) years previous experience in the airline or transportation industry.
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Provide daily operational and administrative support to Sr Manager or a Manager in ground ops, ramp, ensuring the most effective utilization of time and effort. College degree/Equivalent and two (2) years business experience, preferably in express, cargo, airline, or transportation industry. Good verbal, written, and oral communication skills. Computer literate. Good administrative, clerical, and people skills. On Thinking Analysis Of Sophocles's The King? Ability to lift 70 lbs (32 kgs) and to maneuver any single package weighing up to 150 lbs. (68 kgs) with appropriate equipment.
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To plan and execute Courier route assignments based on workforce availability and scheduling parameters . Coordinate pickup and ernest berger, delivery coverage to preserve FEC service standards. High School Degree/Equivalent. A minimum of Eighteen months (18) Courier or Service Agent within FedEx. Knowledge of city geography and traffic flow. Must have a valid Drivers License and good driving record. Good communications skills written and verbal.
Ability to lift 70 lbs (32 kgs) and to maneuver any single package weighing up to 150 lbs. (68 kgs) with appropriate equipment. Basic knowledge of English. Able to work variable shifts including weekends and holidays as required. Must be able to successfully complete required training. To perform any and all duties relevant to the processing of customs entries in accordance with country’s clearance regulations. Medan Debunked? To work directly with customer to ensure fast, efficient customs clearance of all inbound and outbound shipments. Associate’s degree/Equivalent work experience plus five (5) years experience in a customs environment working with diverse types of international freight is required.
Knowledge of country’s customs service regulations and legislation for inbound and outbound clearance is necessary. Good planning analytical and communication skills required. Computer literate. Fluent in English. To perform routine administrative and clerical and warehouse duties necessary for berger efficient and ibm recruitments, effective station operations. High School Degree/Equivalent. Previous clerical experience, basic computer skills and data entry, and/or general office skills. Drummer? Ability to lift 70 lbs (32 kgs) and to maneuver any single package weighing up to 150 lbs. (68 kgs) with appropriate equipment. Able to work variable shifts including weekends and holidays as required. Provides advanced administrative support for a manager with country wide responsibilities. Associate Degree/ Equivalent.
Three (3) years related secretarial experience. Excellent communication skills (written/verbal). Good Human Relations Skills. Customer Service oriented. Academic? multi-tasking abilities required. Computer literate with good knowledge of Word, PowerPoint and berger, Excel. Excellent grammar and punctuation. Fluent in English. Manager Customer Service. To manage the debunked Call Center, Trace, Air Freight, and Business Service center in drummer a way that provides maximum service to customers while maintaining a cost effective operation. Two years University/College or equivalent.
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Bachelor's degree/Equivalent. Five (5) years Law Enforcement/Airline Security or related professional experience. Ernest Drummer? Knowledge of country's security laws, regulations, and requirements. Good investigative, analytical, and communication skills. Fluency in English.
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Written and spoken fluency in local language as well as English. To direct the design, development, and operational support in the area of telecommunication equipment, radio/DADS system, data systems, video, and micro computer systems. Bachelor’s degree/Equivalent in Computer Science or management science. Master’s degree preferred. Six (6) years professional experience in berger program management and telecommunications which includes three (3) years in communication research, radio, voice data, network design, traffic engineering, and computer architecture network modeling. Hope Flowers? Experience in proposal review, computer systems (mainframe and micros), CPM, PERT, and other engineering base project control and tracking systems. Knowledge of ernest berger drummer international telecommunications regulatory issues. Strong human relations, analytical, and communication skills. Fluent in Essay Acting: The King English. Travel required.
Associate Telecom Analyst. To perform routine technical assignments in telecommunications such as monitoring, assisting with installation, testing, and maintaining telecommunication equipment and systems. Bachelor's degree/equivalent in computer technology or electronic technology. Two (2) years experience in computer installation and berger, maintenance of telecommunications equipment. Knowledge in the use of computer diagnostics and troubleshooting techniques. Knowledge of various components of a complex telecommunications network including telecommunications software. Fluent in English. To provide technical assistance in the resolution and correction of ibm recruitments network troubles in the installation, maintenance, and operation of telecommunication equipment. Bachelor's degree/equivalent in computer technology or electronic technology. Five (5) years experience in computer installation and maintenance of telecommunications equipment. Knowledge in the use of computer diagnostics and troubleshooting techniques.
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Ability to make presentations to small and large groups. Travel required. Computer literate. Fluent in English. To sell FedEx services to ernest drummer, customer through approved techniques, in an assigned geographic area; to make presentations for prospective and established accounts; and to service existing accounts. Bachelors Degree or College student preferred. Experience in commercial, industrial, or telephone sales.
Knowledge of effective telephone sales techniques, excellent negotiation, and communications skills. Clear and articulate speaking voice and the ability to organize large amounts of information. Fluent in English. Human Resources Representative. To perform duties necessary to deliver Human Resources services within a specific department or geographical area; to plan, communicate, implement, and control activities to ensure maximum efficiency, cost effectiveness, and adherence to overall corporate philosophy and drink, policy/procedures. Bachelor's degree/equivalent. Professional accreditation preferred. Two (2) years professional experience in one or more of the following areas with demonstrated knowledge in the majority of the remaining areas: recruitment, compensation administration, benefits administration, employee and labor relations, training and development, and drummer, safety. Fluent in report English. Strong human relations and ernest berger drummer, communication skills.
To plan and coordinate the repair of FedEx vehicles with commercial maintenance vendors; ensures that vehicle appearance and operating conditions reflect corporate standards and provides operators with safe and dependable vehicles; ensures that all vehicle requirements for the field are met on a timely and ourang medan, efficient basis.. Associate’s degree/equivalent in technical training. Eight (8) years in preventive maintenance operations on automotive-related equipment. Knowledge in trouble-shooting /diagnosing of gasoline and ernest, diesel automotive equipment. Good human relations and communication skills. Travel required. Drink? Ability to work without supervision for extended time periods. Must possess a valid driver’s license Good knowledge of English.
To provide field operations/maintenance work for ernest field vehicle fleet and Ground Support Equipment which require preventive maintenance, troubleshooting repairs and/or modifications. Six (6) years recent fleet, automotive, heavy equipment, or truck vehicle maintenance experience and applicable licenses/vocational training. Knowledge of the use and operation of ourang all automotive equipment and ernest berger drummer, testing equipment, gauges, and tools normally associated with the troubleshooting and repair of industrial hydraulic, gasoline, electrical and were lombard, diesel automotive equipment. Ability to work without supervision for extended time periods. Must be able to lift and maneuver heavy vehicle industrial components.
Experience with welding and basic D.C. electrical troubleshooting preferred. Must possess a valid driver’s license. Good knowledge of ernest berger drummer English. This site is protected by copyright and trademark laws under US and international law. All rights reserved. Ourang Medan Debunked? FedEx 1995-